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Unformatted text preview: ch.1 book 04/02/2009 03:20:00 ← Psychology- scientific study of behavior and mind ← Mind-body dualism- belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to physical laws that govern the body. ← Monism- mind and body are one. Mind is not separate. ← British empiricism- all ideas and knowledge are gained empirically-through senses. ← Wundt- mind could be studied by breaking it down. ← Edward Titchener- and Wundt= structuralism analysis of the mind in terms of its basic elements. Use “introspection” to stud sensations. ← Functionalism- psychology should be counciousness rather than its structure. ← The psychodynamic perspective- find out why things happened by examining personality and emotions. ← Defense mechanisms- psychological ways to help cope with anxiety and traumatic experiences. ← Psychophysics- study of how psychologically experienced sensatios depend on the characterstics of physical stimuli. ← Object relations theories- how early experiences with caregivers shape the views that people form of themselves. ← Behavorial perspective- focuses on the role of external environment in governing out actions ← Cogntive behavorism- learning experiences and the environment influence our expectations and other thoughts. And our thoughts influence how we behave. ← Humanistic perspective- humanism. Emphasized free will, personal growth, and the attempt to find meaning in one’s existence. ← Gestalt pcychology- how elemnts of experience are orgnaized in wholes. Whole= gestalt....
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- Spring '07
- scientist., Richard Simmons, Edward Titchener, John Sarno