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16-23 - ch.1 book 04/02/2009 03:20:00 Psychology-...

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Unformatted text preview: ch.1 book 04/02/2009 03:20:00 Psychology- scientific study of behavior and mind Mind-body dualism- belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to physical laws that govern the body. Monism- mind and body are one. Mind is not separate. British empiricism- all ideas and knowledge are gained empirically-through senses. Wundt- mind could be studied by breaking it down. Edward Titchener- and Wundt= structuralism analysis of the mind in terms of its basic elements. Use introspection to stud sensations. Functionalism- psychology should be counciousness rather than its structure. The psychodynamic perspective- find out why things happened by examining personality and emotions. Defense mechanisms- psychological ways to help cope with anxiety and traumatic experiences. Psychophysics- study of how psychologically experienced sensatios depend on the characterstics of physical stimuli. Object relations theories- how early experiences with caregivers shape the views that people form of themselves. Behavorial perspective- focuses on the role of external environment in governing out actions Cogntive behavorism- learning experiences and the environment influence our expectations and other thoughts. And our thoughts influence how we behave. Humanistic perspective- humanism. Emphasized free will, personal growth, and the attempt to find meaning in ones existence. Gestalt pcychology- how elemnts of experience are orgnaized in wholes. Whole= gestalt....
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2009 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Hoffman during the Spring '07 term at BU.

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16-23 - ch.1 book 04/02/2009 03:20:00 Psychology-...

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