08 - Careers in Oceanography Course Objective: To become...

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1 Careers in Oceanography Careers in Oceanography Course Objective: Course Objective: • To become informed consumers of science- specifically in themes related to the ocean. • All Earth systems are interconnected, so this covers all science. • But, perhaps you like all of this ocean stuff… Want to be an Oceanographer? Want to be an Oceanographer? • Most oceanographers did not do not major in oceanography or marine biology. Instead, major in biology , chemistry , or even engineering , depending on your area of interest. They might also have a background in computer science , math , statistics and writing . • Academic and extracurricular experiences will help you get into graduate school to study oceanography • Because the actual process of science is different than learning about it second-hand in classroom, the opportunity to participate in research is invaluable. Signing up for a summer field study class, “semester at sea” , or ask a professor you like about working with them in the field or in the lab . Ex: Sea semester at Woods Hole Ex: Sea semester at Woods Hole www.sea.edu “A broad understanding of the world’s oceans through an interdisciplinary curriculum that combines the sciences, social sciences, humanities, and public policy.” The Scientists The Scientists Marine Geologists explore the ocean floor–its mountains, canyons, and valleys. Study of seafloor sediment cores can reveal the history of oceanic circulation and climates over the past 180 million years. The study of the rocky crust beneath the sediments sheds light on the origin of volcanoes and island arcs, as well as the processes of seafloor spreading and continental drift. Geophysicists study the Earth’s interior and ask such questions about large-scale tectonic features, the magnetic field, the causes earthquakes, and heat flow deep in the planet’s interior. Physical Oceanographers study the circulation of seawater and the exchange of energy and matter across the surface of the ocean. They examine the transport of sand on and off beaches and the processes of coastal erosion. Physical oceanographers also measure deep currents such as those flowing from Antarctic waters into the Pacific Ocean. Marine Chemists / Chemical Oceanographers study how the ocean was formed eons ago, and what determines their composition today. They identify ocean resources that may be beneficial, such as natural products with medicinal properties, and investigate means to protect the oceans from the effects of pollution. Marine chemists also unravel much of the earth’s history by studying ocean sediments, where clues to the past such as variations in the global climate are recorded.
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2 Atmospheric Scientists & Climate Researchers investigate how the relationship between the ocean, atmosphere, and land affects the world’s climate systems. They find connections between sea-surface temperatures and large-scale weather conditions. They also study the buildup
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course EAS 104 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University.

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08 - Careers in Oceanography Course Objective: To become...

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