Mental illness is as a culturally constructed meaning system. Mental Illnesses have meaning in four ways: (Meanings of Madness by R. Castillo1998, p. xiii) 1. through the symptoms (indicator of an illness) 2. through the cultural significance 3. through personal social relationships 4. through the explanatory model Terminology proposed by Horwitz: (p14/15, Creating Mental Illness ) Mental diseases are conditions where symptoms indicate underlying internal dysfunctions, are distinct from other disease conditions, and have certain universal features. Mental disorders include all mental diseases as well as psychological dysfunctions whose overt symptoms are shaped by cultural as well as natural processes. Mental illnesses refer to whatever conditions a particular social group defines as such. (Mental illness refers to the actual labeling processes in any group and so cannot be true or false.)
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read the whole page?
- Spring '07
- Sociology, mental illnesses