Drug and Alcohol Abuse chapter V

Drug and Alcohol Abuse chapter V - Drug and Alcohol Abuse...

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Drug and Alcohol Abuse Chapter V
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Drug Names Chemical Name Describes the chemical compound Follows the rules of organic chemistry Generic Name Official name in the US Pharmacopoeia Refers to the specific chemical, but simpler Brand Name Given by the manufucturer
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Drug Categories Stimulants : Wakefulness and energy Depressants : Sleepiness Opioids : Opium derivatives, relaxed, dreamstate Hallucinogens : Hallucinations, altered perception Psychotherapeutic drugs Antidepressants
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Placebo Effects Nonspecific Effects Expectancy What you think will happen Experience What has happened before Setting Your mood and mindset before using
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Placebo Effects Generally seen in about 1/3 of people Double-blind procedure Two groups tested simultaneously: Placebo, Drug Neither the test subject or the researcher know which one the subject is getting Monitored for effects Only after the study is over is the truth revealed Helps eliminate subjective bias
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Dose-Response Size of the effect depends on the dose Threshold: The lowest dose at which a specific response is seen May be different among individuals The higher the dose, the more individuals will reach the threshold The same drug may have different thresholds for different effects (fig. 5.2)
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Dose-Response Four questions to address
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Drug and Alcohol Abuse chapter V - Drug and Alcohol Abuse...

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