Drug and Alcohol chapter III

Drug and Alcohol chapter III - Drug and Alcohol Chapter III...

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Drug and Alcohol Chapter III
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Reformism 1800’s Laissez-faire 1900’s Reformism Progressive government regulation Largely racially motivated Face of America was changing More immigration led to more paranoia “True American’s” associated drunkenness, crime and deviant behavior to minorities Laws were passed to regulate undesirable behavior
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History Opium Early 1800’s: Doctors most reliable and effective medication, esp. for pain control 1830’s: pure morphine developed 1850’s: hypodermic needle Increased recognition of morhinism Was this a unique medical disorder (medical model) or drug seeking (moral model)
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Patent Medicines “Snake oil” Dispensed by traveling salesmen Readily available for self-medication $3.5 million in 1859 to $74 million in 1904 Frequently contained alcohol or cocaine
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Opium Opium Wars in China China tried to limit the export of Opium US appeased and in 1842 taxed opium imports Chinese immigrants smoked a lot of opium Spread rapidly 1875 San Francisco prohibited it
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Cocaine Pure cocaine became available in 1800’s 1900’s became common in patent medicines and tonic Coca-Cola Southern congressmen claimed that snorting cocaine was a problem of black men to drum up support for regulation
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1904 Pure Food and Drug Act Minimal government regulation Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” exposed
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Drug and Alcohol chapter III - Drug and Alcohol Chapter III...

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