Ch1_LectureNotes

Ch1_LectureNotes - Criminal Behavior Theories, Typologies,...

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CJ 436.01 and CJ 436.02 Understanding Human Behavior Fall 2009 Criminal Behavior Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice J.B. Helfgott Seattle University CHAPTER 1 Nature, Extent, and Measurement of Crime Nature, Extent, and Measurement of Crime
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CJ 436.01 and CJ 436.02 Understanding Human Behavior Fall 2009 “We can count in advance how many individuals will soil their hands with the blood of their fellows, how many will be swindlers, how many poisoners, almost as we can the number of births and deaths that will take place…” -- 19th Century French mathematician- astronomer Adolphe-Jacques Quetelet (quoted in Radzinowicz, 1966, p. 29). “…once we view the study of crime as a process of invention rather than the simple discovery of what is already in place, then the division between fact and fiction begins to break down, and perhaps in a highly productive fashion.” -- Ngaire Naffine in Feminism & Criminology (1996, p. 123) Nature, Extent, and Measurement of Crime
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CJ 436.01 and CJ 436.02 Understanding Human Behavior Fall 2009 The Nature of Criminal Behavior Human beings commit all sorts of crimes from the bizarre to the mundane. Media focus on extreme forms of criminal behavior often makes people forget that most crime does not involve stranger abductions, sadistic torture, chopping off body parts, elaborate Internet schemes, or using commercial airliners as bombs. Most crime is mundane involving regular people in everyday situations. Criminal behavior can be viewed along a continuum Criminal behavior can be viewed along a continuum from normal to pathological. from normal to pathological.
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J.B. Helfgott, PhD Department of Criminal Justice Seattle University Criminal Behavior Continuum NORMAL EVERYDAY PROBLEMS IN LIVING PATHOLOGICAL Behavior resulting from: - Poor judgment - Bad decisions - Situational factors - Environmental context Behavior resulting from: - Minor medical or mental health condition - Drug or alcohol addiction - Severe poverty and deprivation Behavior resulting from: - Severe medical of mental health condition - Long term development of deviant identity and behavioral conditioning processes involving interaction of some combination of biological predisposition, childhood trauma, and environmental-cultural facilitators.
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CJ 436.01 and CJ 436.02 Understanding Human Behavior Fall 2009 The Social Construction of Crime Crime exists only to the extent to which it is behavior legally defined as criminal by the larger society and culture. Criminal behavior is a special category of Criminal behavior is a special category of behavior that is socially constructed behavior that is socially constructed -- defined through socio-cultural-legal-political-economic processes as outside of the bounds of the law.
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CJ 436.01 and CJ 436.02 Understanding Human Behavior Fall 2009 Why do People Commit Crime?
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Ch1_LectureNotes - Criminal Behavior Theories, Typologies,...

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