Chapter 4 Lecture Notes

Chapter 4 Lecture Notes - Criminal Behavior Theories...

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Understanding Human Behavior Criminal Behavior Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice J.B. Helfgott Seattle University CHAPTER 4 Psychopathy and Criminal Behavior Psychopathy and Criminal Behavior
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Understanding Human Behavior
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Psychopathy and Criminal Behavior Understanding Human Behavior “Psychopathy is one of the best-validated clinical constructs in the realm of psychopathology, and arguably the single most important clinical construct in the criminal justice system.” --- Robert Hare
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Understanding Human Behavior What is Psychopathy? A personality disorder personality disorder characterized by inability to form human attachment Comprised of a constellation of affective, interpersonal, and behavioral characteristics with two essential features: Aggressive Narcissism and Antisocial Lifestyle .
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Definition of Personality Disorder Understanding Human Behavior “A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment” (DSM-IV-TR, p. 685).
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Understanding Human Behavior Aggressive Narcissism Two components Two components Deceitful/Arrogant Interpersonal Style Deficient Affective Experience AGGRESSIVE NARCISSISM Deceptive interpersonal style Deficient Affective Experience
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Understanding Human Behavior Antisocial Lifestyle Two components Two components Criminal Antisocial Behavior Noncriminal Antisocial Behavior ANTISOCIAL LIFESTYLE Criminal Behavior Noncriminal Behavior
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Psychopathy as a Categorical or Dimensional Construct Psychopathy can be considered categorically or dimensionally . The CATEGORICAL MODEL CATEGORICAL MODEL of psychopathy holds that a person either is or is not a psychopath. (researchers have generally used a PCL-R cut-off score of 30 and above as the criterion). The DIMENSIONAL MODEL DIMENSIONAL MODEL holds that all human beings possess characteristics of psychopathy to greater or lesser degrees. Understanding Human Behavior
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J.B. Helfgott, PhD Department of Criminal Justice Seattle University CRJS 515 Typologies of Crime & Criminal Behavior
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Understanding Human Behavior Psychopath, Sociopath, or Antisocial Personality Disorder? “Psychopath” has never been an official classification in the Psychopath” has never been an official classification in the DSM DSM ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders ).
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Chapter 4 Lecture Notes - Criminal Behavior Theories...

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