Module7.Ch7.Economic - Criminal Behavior Theories,...

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Understanding Human Behavior Spring 2009 Criminal Behavior Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice CHAPTER 7 Economic Crime Economic Crime
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Economic Crime “I go to the mall almost every day and see stuff I want to buy. I do crime in order to buy nice stuff” ---- 14 year-old thief (Cromwell, Curtis, Understanding Human Behavior Spring 2009
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The Extent of Economic Crime Economic crime represents the bulk of crime problems in America and around the world. Of the Part I crimes reported in the UCR for 2005, 12% was violent crime and 88% was property crime. Larceny-theft accounts for the largest part (62%) of all property crime. The National Crime Victimization Survey reported over 23 million crime victimizations in 2005, over 18 million of which were property crimes (burglary, theft, motor-vehicle theft) accounting for 77% of all crime victimizations. Understanding Human Behavior Spring 2009
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0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Property Crime Violent Crime Murder ForcibleRape Robbery Motor Vehicle Theft Burglary Larceny-Theft Figure 7.1 Comparison of Property and Violent Crime - UCR Part I Offenses
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The Concept of Economic Crime The concept of economic crime has been less clearly articulated in the criminology/criminal justice literature than have the concepts of violent crime or sexual crime. Definitions of economic crime have historically been muddied by focus on the “who” and “why” rather than the “what” and “how.” Focus on process and motivation (rather than on who commits the crime or how it is committed) allows economic crime to be conceptualized and understood as a distinct category of criminal behavior. Understanding Human Behavior Spring 2009 DEFINITION OF ECONOMIC CRIME: DEFINITION OF ECONOMIC CRIME: Criminal behavior centrally motivated by the desire to obtain financial reward that does not also involve an act of violence against a person
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Identifying Homogeneous Features of Economic Crime – Important Questions What is it about economic crime that differentiates it from other What is it about economic crime that differentiates it from other criminal behaviors? criminal behaviors? Are there similarities in terms of motivation and process that allow offenses committed by very different types of offenders to be understood within a single crime category such as “economic crime”? What is the relationship between street-level property crimes, What is the relationship between street-level property crimes, commercial crimes, and criminal enterprise? commercial crimes, and criminal enterprise?
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2009 for the course CJ 436 taught by Professor Latz during the Spring '08 term at Sam Houston State University.

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Module7.Ch7.Economic - Criminal Behavior Theories,...

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