Music 15 Final Review Guide

Music 15 Final Review Guide - Music 15 Final Review Guide...

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Music 15 Final Review Guide 1) Beethoven’s 5 th Symphony in C Minor: Classical/Romantic Era a. Beethoven’s Life i. Born in Bonn, Germany but moved to Vienna to work with Haydn 1. Freelance composer—no permanent patron ii. Transitional figure gapping classical to romantic iii. Lost hearing, became anti-social. 1. Writes Heiligenstadt testament iv. This piece paralyzied composers for decades with fear of being compared to Beethoven v. Cyclical Form —the motive cycles through all four movements tying them all together and giving a common theme b. Mvt. I—Sonata Allegro i. Utilizes the motive (motive to theme as word to sentence) SSSL 1. Organicism—entire symphony based around motive a. Simpsons Cartoon ii. Motive Permeates and is hidden at times iii. Solo from oboe c. Mvt. II—Double Theme and Variation i. 2 different themes, varies each ii. SSL Rythmic motive in second theme iii. Triple meter iv. Sounds very grand in the beginning, and becomes playful with flute d. i. 3 rd movement starts out dark, and goes back into the SSSL motive with the trumpet leading it off ii. The scherzo is dark and intense, while the trio lightens it up e. Mvt. IV—Sonata Allegro i. There is no stop between the 3 rd and the 4 th movement, but in between there is a huge dramatic crescendo (Gets much Louder) ii. The fourth movement begins with very grand trumpets giving a triumphant feeling, and moves into a very fast pace that makes it almost feel like a race f. Possible meanings to Beethoven’s 5 th i. NOT program music, but many see it to have encoded meanings 1. Fate knocking at the door 2. Played a role for both allies and Nazi’s in WWII (SSSL=V for Victory) 2) General Romantic Info 1820-1900 a. 19 th century, reaction against aristocratic social constraints, reaction against formalism of classicism i. INTENSE EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION 1. Tempo Rubato a. Performers decision to speed up or slow down the
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music for expressive purposes (Accelerando, Ritardando) b. Occurs at the end of the Industrial and French Revolution i. Emphasis on Freelance and importance of self c. Creation of middle class which creates new and improved concert halls as well as new and affordable instruments i. Piano—Strings struck not plucked, allows for change in dynamics (crescendo and decrescendo) d. Also, many more solo/virtuoso pieces i. Recital concerts, emergence of Salon music ii. EMPHASIS on CHROMATICISM e. Topics of Romantic music included: Supernatural, exotic, folk music and folk tales, as well as an emphasis on Nationalism 3) Beethoven’s Piano
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2009 for the course MUS 15 taught by Professor Johnson during the Winter '07 term at UCSB.

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Music 15 Final Review Guide - Music 15 Final Review Guide...

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