Music 15 Vocab

Music 15 Vocab - Eras Medieval (476-1450), Renaissance...

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Eras Medieval (476-1450), Renaissance (1450-1600), The Baroque (1600-1750), Classical (1750- 1825), Romantic (1820-1900) Modern (1900-Present) Pitch - “highness” or “lowness of a sound resulting from the frequency of the sound wave’s vibration Form— Basic structure of a work, its plan. How the music proceeds in time. Rhythm - the controlled movement of sound over time Pulse/Beat - Reoccurring, evenly spaced beat Melody - a succession of single pitches perceived by the mind as a larger unit (intersection of pitch and rhythm) Ensemble -A group of musicians who work together i.e. Chamber Ensemble (2-12 Players)/String Quartet(2 Violins, 1 Viola, 1 Cello) Meter -Organization of rhythm into recurring patterns of typically two (duple meter), three (triple meter), or four beats (quadruple meter). More unusual groupings are sometimes used in 20th century music. Meter can often be determined by ear by listen for an emphasis on the first beat of each group. Histography - The writing of history (and the selectiveness that entails). Historical style periods - A period of time during which historians perceive certain unifying stylistic and aesthetic characteristics within the music (or art or literature) of a culture. Historical style periods are subjective and may vary from scholar to scholar, textbook to textbook. Examples include the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the Romantic Era. Pizzicato -Plucking of a string instrument Text setting: Melismatic - many pitches per syllable Syllabic - one pitch per syllable Monophonic - A musical texture in which where only one pitch is sung or played at a time. Monophonic music consists of a melodic line with no accompaniment. The only genre of music that typically monophonic in its entirety is Gregorian chant, however, brief monophonic passages may be occasionally be found in other genres as well. Polyphonic - A musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are combined. Polyphonic
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music is typically quit complex, consisting of an array of intricately interwoven melodies. This texture first became dominant in the Renaissance and continued to be popular (alongside the new homophonic texture) in the Baroque. It is less common, but not completely absent, in the music of later periods. Homorhythmic - A musical texture in which multiple melodic lines move together in the same rhythm. The homorhythmic texture is not very common, though it can be found in many church hymns (such as harmonized Lutheran chorales) and as an expressive musical effect within a polyphonic work (for example, the last section of Josquin’s Ave Maria motet). Homophonic - A musical texture in which a principal melody is supported by an accompaniment of less melodic interest. The homophonic texture first rose to prominence in the early Baroque era with the development of opera. It became the most common texture in music of the Classical and Romantic eras and remains the standard texture for the popular music of today. Harmony
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Music 15 Vocab - Eras Medieval (476-1450), Renaissance...

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