Lecture 3 -Psychology of Personality
We continue our look at those who follow on the heels of Freud in the Psychodynamic Tradition.
term Psychodynamic comes from the belief that these approaches to the psyche (Greek for spirit) is
moved by them, or is dynamic.
This general approach is now largely found anmon psychiatrists in
medical hospitals as psychologists are these days largely cognitive in some way.
But for now, trace the
influence of Freud through the field.
We'll start with the most imaginative and interesting.
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)
As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence
is to kindle a light of meaning in the darkness of mere being.
Swiss psychiatrist, one of the founding fathers of modern depth psychology. Jung's most famous concept,
the collective unconscious, has had a deep influence not only on psychology but also on philosophy and
the arts. Jung's break with Sigmund Freud is one of the famous stories in the early history of
psychoanalytic thought. More than Freud, Jung has inspired the New Age movement with his interest in
occultism, Eastern religions, the
, and mythology.
Carl Gustav Jung was born in Kesswil, Switzerland. His father, Johannes Paul Achilles Jung (1842-1896),
was a pastor - a profession that had traditions in the family. He married Emilie Preiswerk (1848-1923) in
1874; Carl Gustav remained a single child for a long time before the birth of his sister, Gertrud.
According to family legends, Jung's grandfather was Goethe's illegal son, although there was no real
evidence to support the story. Goethe's
, memorized already at school, influenced Jung deeply. The
most important play for Freud was Shakespeare's
a story of distorted family relationships. Freud,
who saw Jung as his successor, referred, perhaps ironically, to Goethe as Jung's ancestor.
"My situation is mirrored in my dreams," Jung wrote in 1898 in his diary. With his cousin Helene
("Helly") Preiswerk, he conducted spiritistic experiments. In 1900 Jung graduated with a medical degree
from the University of Basel and began his professional career at the University of Zürich. At the
Burghöltzi, the Zürich insane asylum and psychiatric clinic, he worked until 1909. These years were
decisive for Jung's later development. His first published paper,
Zur Psychologie und Pathologie
sogenannter occulter Phänomene
(On the Psychology and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena),
appeared in 1902 and formed the basis for his doctoral thesis. Its material was partly based on his
observations with Helene, whom he described in the work as "a young girl somnambulist." Throughout
his career, Jung remained interested in parapsychology. He also consulted the Chinese oracle the
especially the translation made by Richard Wilhelm. "The irrational fullness of life has taught me never to
discard anything, Jung wrote, "even when it goes against all our theories (so short-lived at best) or
otherwise admits of no immediate explanation."
In 1903 Jung married Emma Rauschenbach (1882-1955); they had five children. The family moved in