PSC3315 Exam 2 SG

PSC3315 Exam 2 SG - PSC 3315 – Exam 2 Study Guide...

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PSC 3315 – Exam 2 Study Guide I ntergovernmental Organizations (I GOs ) Defined International agencies or bodies established by states and controlled by member states that deal with areas of common interests Characteristics States are members voluntarily Voluntary cooperation Cede sovereignty voluntarily Secretariat Charter Secretariat: manage administrative details with restricted authority and power Charter: goals, structure, operation Problems relative to IGOs: Turning over sovereignty? Who controls the governing body? How would governing body enforce rules? Economics – major cause of war? Loyalty beyond the nation-state? Use of coercion, rewards? Other problems? Types of IGOs GLOBAL /INTERNATIONAL : involved in multiple issues affecting states and citizens internationally Example ? UN REGIONAL : involved in multiple issues affecting states and citizens within a specific region of the world Example? EU, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, African Union, Organization of American States (OAS), Arab League , OAU SPECIALIZED : involved in issues with a limited purpose Example? NAFTA Roles of IGOs In ternational system Contribute to habits of cooperation Work within U.N. system and specialized agencies Engaged in information-gathering, surveillance. World Bank gathers economic statistics; International Atomic Energy Agency monitors movement of nuclear materials across state boundaries. Aid in dispute settlement Dispute settlement procedures within the WTO or the International Court of Justice. Conduct operational activities
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- 2 - Immunization campaigns for childhood diseases of the World Heath Organization; refugee camps run by U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees. Serve as arena for bargaining European Council of Ministers, forums for different ministers to meet and negotiate. Lead to creation of international regimes International trade regime and international food regime State Instrument of foreign policy Nordic states use UN to distribute international development assistance; Jordan uses UN to assist Palestinian refugees Legitimate foreign policy US legitimates 1990-91 Gulf War through UN Enhance information available to states Small states use in absence of extensive bilateral diplomatic network. Punish/constrain other states Sanctions, e.g. against South Africa Individuals Socialize individuals to international norms UN and EU delegates learn diplomatic norms. Educated about national similarities and differences International conferences, e.g. Rio Conference Reasons states join IGOs : 1. Economic 2. Political 3. Security Smaller states benefit more Gives states an arena to voice their grievances and faster relations Federalism War is caused by individual states exercising sovereignty Peace will be achieved if states transfer sovereignty to a higher federal body
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