18-Colonialism- 31 slides

18-Colonialism- 31 slides - Imperialism, Colonialism, &...

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1 1 Imperialism, Colonialism, & Globalization 2 Imperialism ¾ Imperialism- extending rule of one nation over another , usually accomplished by warfare ¾ This idea did not begin in modern times, it is not a new idea, it has been around since the first civilizations: Aztecs , Incas, Mayans, Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Persians, Ife, Benin, Mali ¾ Modern colonialism began in 1492 in the New World with the “Age of Discovery” ¾ It was no different from earlier times, but it was more effective because of new technology and improved transportation 3 ¾ After Columbus’ trip to the New World in 1492, Spain & Portugal became a race to be the first European nations to get rich from their new conquests and colonies in the New World during the 1500s and 1600s
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2 4 Age of Discovery ¾ Original plan was to “get rich” from the new lands ¾ Gold and silver from the New World enabled the European nations to expand trade, expand ¾ It gave rise to a new, rich middle class of conquerors and merchants, new wealth was now based on money (not birth) ¾ The Discovery fueled the growth of capitalism & led to the conquest of the rest of the world ¾ Led to the rise and growth of the Industrial Revolution 5 Manifest Destiny ¾ The Age of Discovery gave Europeans the belief that the whole world was their reward from God and they believed it was their obligation to spread Western Civilization, Western Morals and Values, and especially Christianity worldwide ¾ The Conquest of new lands and the building of colonial empires led to needs for new technology, new inventions and new ideas on how to get rich ¾ The Conquest fueled ethnocentrism , led to the development of new weapons, it rewarded the actions of ruthless conquerors, it made many nations and many people rich ¾ It led to the destruction of millions of people and the loss of countless cultures 6 The Conquest ¾ The each new region, the European nations destroyed existing cultures and relegated the original populations to being slaves and ethnic minorities ¾ The original cultures became second-class citizens, and lived their lives in poverty ¾ The vast majority of those original colonies would eventually become Third World countries filled with problems
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3 7 The Noble Savage ¾ By the late 1600s many popular books and stories told brutal accounts of how the Portuguese conquered Brazil and of their slave trade in Africa, books told how the Spanish conquered Mexico and South America ¾ The stories told of the noble Aztec, which were wiped out by Cortez , and of the noble Incas who fell to the Spanish treachery of Francisco Pizarro ¾ Stories also told how many of the native cultures in new colonies were being wiped out or enslaved, and how warfare and disease was killing thousands ¾ Some books stressed how noble these vanishing cultures had been when first contacted, how Idyllic their lives had been before it was ruined by the conquest Pizarro 8 ¾ The noble savages represented the happy
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ANTH 201 taught by Professor Brophy during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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18-Colonialism- 31 slides - Imperialism, Colonialism, &...

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