Law and order
: disputes generally settled by chief and, in serious offenses, by the Chief and the
Council of Advisors
If you organized a hunting party and someone died during hunt for whatever reason, you are
responsible for their death.
Theft was uncommon, because everything was personalized.
Adultery was a game.
If you could get away with adultery, you gain status.
If you got caught, a
scene would be made in public…
Warfare was more of a game to try to get status.
Few actually died.
: have a part-time shaman, has similar role and duties of the ones in bands, usually male,
- Society divided into lineages, clans, moieties
: a group of related people all of whom can trace their ancestry back to a real person,
usually no more than 6 generations back in time.
: consists of a group of lineages, usually from 2-10 lineages, trace their beginning back to
some mythical being or myth
Big Man and Tribes
A Big Man
is like a village chief, except his authority is regional and he may have influence over more
than one village.
The Big Man concept is the most common among cultures of the South Pacific where
many tribes had big men.
The position is an
gained through generosity, eloquence, bravery, physical
fitness, and the belief in his supernatural powers, always males.
His decisions are binding among his followers.
He is important regulator of regional events.
Potlatching in North America
The Potlatch: it was a festive event used by tribes of the northern Pacific Coast of North America to gain
tribal and village status.
A Potlatch was
a giant giveaway party
Items given away were food, Chilkat blankets made of
mountain goat wool, pieces of copper, carved wooded boxes, canoes, slaves, and other items.
Some economists argue that for all cultures the profit motive…
Some have argued that the potlatch was a classic example of a maladaptive and wasteful behavior.
Anthropologists, however, argue that the potlatch had many important and adaptive functions.
A village would have to work very hard and would have to fully exploit the local resources to