15-Families, Kinship & Descent-29 slides

15-Families, Kinship & Descent-29 slides - 1 1...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 Families, Kinship & Descent 2 Families Families are the most important social group in non-industrial societies, it is a lifelong association but membership in families can change (for example by divorce, adoption) Two basic types of family units: nuclear and extended families Nuclear family consists of a married couple (sex of couples not important) and their children, normally living together in the same household 3 Nuclear Family In societies where the nuclear family is very important, it acts as the primary arena for valid and sanctioned sexual, reproductive, economic, and enculturation activities within the society The nuclear family is widespread, but it is not a universal form of family unit, there are exceptions: A single mother or single father raising a child is not a typical example of a nuclear family, a grandparent raising a child is another type of exception, foster homes are another, etc. 2 4 Extended Families Extended family extended families generally consist of 3-4 generations of related people all of whom often are living together in the same house or within the same enclosed compound or in a cluster of houses near each other This is a common form of family in a number of societies, especially in some rural areas, in areas where poverty is prevalent, and in Third World countries, it is not very common in most industrial societies except among immigrants 5 Extended Families: Patrilineal Patrilineal Extended Families : This consists of a series of nuclear families that are embedded within a large extended family It is headed by the oldest (grandfather) male in the household and to a lesser degree by his primary wife (if he has more than one wife) Kinship in this type of extended family is through the male line, the sons and grandsons marry and bring their wives back to live with their father in his house or compound or with the grandfather in his compound It is common among some herding societies 6 Extended Families: Matrilineal Matrilineal Extended Families : This consists of a series of nuclear families that live together in one large house, or a large compound as a single extended family Kinship in the matrilineal extended family is through the female line, the daughters and granddaughters marry and bring their husbands to live with them in their mothers and grandmothers house This was a common form of family unit in many pre- industrial societies, especially in societies where there was some degree of wealth (farmland, homes, trading routes, fishing rights, animal herds, etc.) and where people were living in permanent houses or farms 3 7 Extended Families: Matrilineal Women in the extended household have influence over the house and over what the families in the house do, but the women are not in overall charge in these societies, the men (their brothers) are in overall charge Houses are headed by the oldest woman in the household (grandmother) and to a...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ANTH 201 taught by Professor Brophy during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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15-Families, Kinship & Descent-29 slides - 1 1...

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