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Chapter 7 Guided notes

Chapter 7 Guided notes - Psychology 340 WI09 Chapter 7...

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Psychology 340 WI09 Chapter 7 Guided Notes Information Processing I. Information Processing Approach a. How do we deal with incoming information, manipulate it, store it, and create strategies for handling it b. Development occurs as a function of improved capacity & efficiency i. Mechanisms of change 1. Encoding 2. Automaticity 3. Strategy construction 4. Self-modification (metacognition) ii. Speed of processing 1. Reaction-time tasks 2. Improves due to biological changes & experience 3. Declines in late adulthood II. Development of Attention a. Attention focusing of mental resources 1
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Psychology 340 WI09 Chapter 7 Guided Notes i. Selective attention focusing on specific stimuli while ignoring everything else ii. Divided attention iii. Sustained attention b. Infant attention i. Selective & sustained attention takes effort ii. Habituation tasks iii. Joint attention two people attending to the same stimulus 1. Ability to track another’s behavior (eye gaze) 2. Social interaction c. Childhood & adolescence i. Attention improvements with brain development ii. Improved sustained attention iii. Improved selective attention iv. Improved divided attention d. Adulthood 2
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Psychology 340 WI09 Chapter 7 Guided Notes i. Slight declines in speed, selective and divided attention ii. More strategies & experiences to compensate III. Development of Memory a.
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