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Unformatted text preview: Coping Background Stress/Stressors exist. People need to manage stress to maintain homeostasis. Moderators affect how stress is experienced and the effects stress has. Overview Variables that impact coping Resources that impact coping Social support Assessment of coping outcomes Coping interventions What is coping? What personality variables affect coping? What is coping style? What are some coping styles? These items deal with ways you've been coping with the stress in your life since you found out you were going to have to have this operation. There are many ways to try to deal with problems. These items ask what you've been doing to cope with this one. Obviously, different people deal with things in different ways, but I'm interested in how you've tried to deal with it. Each item says something about a particular way of coping. I want to know to what extent you've been doing what the item says. How much or how frequently. Don't answer on the basis of whether it seems to be working or not—just whether or not you're doing it. Use these response choices. Try to rate each item separately in your mind from the others. Make your answers as true FOR YOU as you can. 1 = I haven't been doing this at all 2 = I've been doing this a little bit 3 = I've been doing this a medium amount 15. I've been getting comfort and understanding from 4 = I've been doing this a lot someone. 16. I've been giving up the attempt to cope. 1. I've been turning to work or other activities to take my mind off 17. I've been looking for something good in what is things. happening. 2. I've been concentrating my efforts on doing something about the 18. I've been making jokes about it. situation I'm in. 19. I've been doing something to think about it less, such 3. I've been saying to myself "this isn't real.". as going to movies, watching TV, reading, daydreaming, 4. I've been using alcohol or other drugs to make myself feel better. sleeping, or shopping. 20. I've been accepting the reality of the fact that it has 5. I've been getting emotional support from others. happened. 6. I've been giving up trying to deal with it. 21. I've been expressing my negative feelings. 7. I've been taking action to try to make the situation better. 22. I've been trying to find comfort in my religion or spiritual 8. I've been refusing to believe that it has happened. beliefs. 9. I've been saying things to let my unpleasant feelings escape. 23. I’ve been trying to get advice or help from other people 10. I’ve been getting help and advice from other people. about what to do. 11. I've been using alcohol or other drugs to help me get through it. 24. I've been learning to live with it. 25. I've been thinking hard about what steps to take. 12. I've been trying to see it in a different light, to make it seem 26. I’ve been blaming myself for things that happened. more positive. 27. I've been praying or meditating. 13. I’ve been criticizing myself. 28. I've been making fun of the situation. 14. I've been trying to come up with a strategy about what to do. Brief COPE What are some external resources that help us cope with events? How can we tell if coping is successful/unsuccessful? Coping outcomes
Arousal indicators (what are some examples?) Time to return to previous activities Psychological distress Impact on the stressful events What is social support? What are some types of social support? How does social support impact stress? Models of Moderation of Stress Direct effects hypothesis Buffering hypothesis What role does may religiosity/spirituality play in stress? Religiosity: behavior
Frequency of prayer Religious attendance Spirituality: experiential Relationship with a higher power What kinds of support are the most effective? What is the matching hypothesis? What are some coping interventions? Coping Interventions Mindfulness Training Disclosure Coping Effectiveness Training Stress Management Mindfulness Training Jon KabatZinn Different than typical meditation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3nwwKbM_
Multidimensional beings 11? 26? dimensions of being Disclosure Writing about September 11, 2001 Graves, Schmidt, Andrykowski. Journal of Language Internet survey (N=537, n=177) Results and Social Psychology, Vol. 24, No. 3, 285299 (2005) Pennebaker (LIWC) text analysis Most distressed used more “I” words Greater social support = More positive words More social constraints = Fewer optimism words Exerpts
21yearold Asian female: I feel violated and very angry that people looked at me in very different ways which were not very nice after the attack. Just because I was born in Pakistan and moved here when I was four doesn’t mean I am a terrorist. I am also an American citizen that is very proud of her country. I don’t like the fact that people say I wish those Muslims would die, because the people over seas could say the same thing since members of their families were also killed. We are all humans, we all live and die, who is to judge whose life is more important? 39yearold Latino male: It is sad how poorly educated we are about the world—in many places in the world people experience daily violence. It is their daily bread. I would hope that Americans would take from this experience an entry into the brotherhood and sisterhood of world peoples who experience daily the trauma of war, or bombings, the uncertainty of fate, or accident, whatever it is. That the next time we open the newspaper and read about Chechnya, or Bosnia, or Rwanda, or Congo, or Ireland, or Indonesia that the events don’t seem like they are occurring on a Hollywood set. I would hope we might develop some sensitivity and interest in how our behavior affects others. Thanks forthe opportunity to vent. I actually feel better. Stress Management Relaxation training Summary Variables that impact coping Resources that impact coping Social support Assessment of coping outcomes Coping interventions ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2009 for the course PSYCH 531 taught by Professor Kelly during the Spring '09 term at Ohio State.
- Spring '09