Hesiod's Works and Days

Hesiod's Works and Days - Hesiod’s Works and Hesiod’s...

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Unformatted text preview: Hesiod’s Works and Hesiod’s Works and Days Tuesday, June 24 Announcement Announcement Assignment change for next week: Read Book 5 of the Iliad instead of Book 6 – so, Monday’s assignment is now Iliad 1, 3, and 5. Also, check Carmen often. Titanomachy Titanomachy Machos = Gr. battle, war Titans versus Olympians Zeus brings back the Hundred­Handers, whom Heaven had sent to Tartarus Ends with the Titans being sent down to Tartarus Underworld Underworld Hades – the “chthonic god” Cerberus Styx – Gods swear inviolable oaths by Styx – The punishment (p.26) Mesopotamia Mesopotamia Sumerian and Babylonian influences on Greek myth The Epic of Gilgamesh: an epic poem from Mesopotamia Sumerian civilization = one of the earliest civilizations Mesopotamia continued Mesopotamia continued Enuma Elish: Babylonian creation account that precedes the Theogony Marduk : Zeus Epic of Gilgamesh : Iliad and Odyssey Flood Stories Works and Days Works and Days Addressed to Hesiod’s brother, Perses Dispute about property (p.38) Addresses why man toils Work of advice One theory: loose compilation of passages Structure of the Works and Days Structure of the Opening Pandora Prometheus story Five Ages of Man Hawk fable Farming advice Two Kinds of Strife Two Kinds of Strife One promotes fighting The other rouses one to work Pandora Pandora “All gifts” Introduced in the Theogony Hesiod’s conception of the first woman Similarities Between the Similarities Between the Presentations of Pandora A trap, an evil Formed from earth Athena dresses her Differences Between the Differences Between the Presentations of Pandora Theogony Unnamed Hermes not mentioned No mention of Epimetheus Works and Days Named “Pandora” Hermes gives her a “bitch’s mind and knavish nature” Pandora is given to Epimetheus as a wife Differences continued Differences continued Theogony Woman is a drone Only her appearance is described She alone is the evil gift Works and Days Athena teaches her weaving, which means she’s capable of working She is given a voice, mind, and heart She is an evil gift, but she also bears evils, given by the gods The Jar of Evils The Jar of Evils Pandora releases evils into the world Elpis = hope, expectation What does it mean that hope remains behind? Is hope good or bad? What kind of gift is Pandora? What kind of gift is Pandora? “A great affliction to mortals” (Theogony, p.20) “A calamity for men” (W&D, p.39) Creation of woman or a kind of woman? Five Ages of Man Five Ages of Man Gold Silver Bronze Iron Heroes Golden Age Golden Age Made of gold No toil During the reign of Kronos No aging Die painlessly Become divine spirits Silver Age Silver Age Made of silver Crimes Long childhoods, short adulthoods Lack of worship Put away by Zeus Bronze Age Bronze Age Made out of ash trees Violent and fierce “No eaters of corn” Bronze everything Killed off one another Age of Heroes Age of Heroes Insertion of Hesiod’s Demi­gods Time of the Trojan War Some died, Some live on the Isles of the Blessed, where the soil bears fruit for them Iron Age Iron Age Hesiod’s age Full of toil and trouble Born with grey hair Deterioration in relationships No respect for parents Hawk Fable Hawk Fable Allegories relate myth to the human condition Allegory = riddle Riddle = a lie like the truth (cf. Muses of the Theogony “veiled in thick mist” – more wrapped stuff!) Advice Advice Farming Wife Seafaring Personal habits Days Religious rituals Pandora and Prometheus Echoes of the Theogony in Echoes of the W&D Right, female advisor and daughter of Zeus (p.44) Zeus’ omniscience – “Zeus that sees everything and notices everything” (p.45) ...
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