Unformatted text preview: Death, Burial, and the Afterlife Death, Burial, and the Afterlife
Tuesday, July 15 In the Underworld In the Underworld Katabasis: descent into the underworld Elpenor Anticleia – his mom Tiresias Long list of women 11.268377 – What do they have in common? An Interlude An Interlude Odysseus pauses and Arete breaks in Odysseus wants to take a break to sleep What’s with the sleeping at inappropriate times? Odysseys also meets . . . Odysseys also meets . . . Agamemnon Achilles Ajax Heracles Tiresias Tiresias “You may still reach home” “If you escape . . . ” “All that I have told you will come true.” What do statements like these say about fate? After you kill the suitors, carry an oar until you arrive at a place where the people don’t know about the sea Then make offerings to Poseidon You will die in ripe old age Not a Happy Place Not a Happy Place Agamemnon Achilles – “Women suck” – Asks about his son, Orestes – ”Death sucks” – Asks about his son, Neoptolemus – “You suck” – Odysseus tries to talk about the armor Ajax Agamemnon Agamemnon His story = a foil for Odysseus and his family Agamemnon and Cassandra killed by Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus “So, your own wife, never indulge her too far. Never reveal the whole truth.” (11.501 2) Achilles Achilles “By god, I’d rather slave on earth for another man – some dirtpoor tenant farmer who scrapes to keep alive – than rule down here over all the breathless dead.” (11.5558) Odysseus tells Achilles of the courage of Neoptolemus Ajax Ajax Odysseus – “We mourned you like we mourned Achilles.” Still refuses to speak to Odysseus The Punished The Punished Tityus: attempted to carry off Leto Tantalus (> “to tantalize”): served his son, Pelops, to the gods Sisyphus (> “Sisyphean”): crafty and sly. Chained up death and sentenced to Tartarus. Managed to get back to the upper world. Ixion: killed his fatherinlaw, lusted after Hera when invited to Olympus Titans: Thrown into Tartarus after Zeus defeated Kronos The Punished in Other The Punished in Other Accounts Geography Geography 5 Rivers: Cocytus, Acheron, Lethe, Styx, Phlegethon Tartarus Erebus Asphodel Elysium Isles of the Blessed Inhabitants Inhabitants Hades Persephone Charon Cerberus Hermes: psychopomp 3 Judges: Rhadamanthus, Aeacus, Minos Circe’s Advice Circe’s Advice Circe tells Odysseus about – The Sirens – Scylla and Charybdis – Cattle of the Sun Sirens Sirens He does what no man should be able to do (cf. katabasis) The song of the Sirens and temptation “Once [any sailor] hears to his heart’s content sails on, a wiser man. We know all the pains that the Greeks and Trojans once endured.” (12.204) Scylla and Charybdis Scylla and Charybdis Knowledge through pain Odysseus always want to take the hard way “So stubborn! Hellbent yet again on battle and feats of arms? Can’t you bow to the deathless gods themselves?” (12.1257) Cattle of the Sun Cattle of the Sun Odysseus and his men were warned twice not to eat the cattle, once by Tiresias and a second time by Circe The Wanderings Ring The Wanderings Ring Composition Lotuseaters Polyphemus – Temptation to forget home – Odysseus forcibly removes companions from danger Sirens – Monster in a cave Six companions are devoured Scylla (and Charybdis) – Temptation to forget home – Odysseus forcibly removes companions from danger – Monster in a cave – Six companions are devoured Ring Composition continued Ring Composition continued Aeolus
– – – Laestrygonians Isle of the wind god Odysseus sleeps Companions disobey Odysseus Helios
– – – – Only Odysseus and his ship of men escape Charybdis (and Scylla) Isle of the sun god Odysseus sleeps Companions disobey Odysseus – Odysseus alone escapes More Ring Composition More Ring Composition Circe – Underworld Circe Homecoming at Last! Homecoming at Last! Book 13 King Alcinous sends Od. off with gifts, wine, and food Odysseus falls asleep and the Phaeacian crew leaves him on the shore of Ithaca with his gifts Poseidon turns the ship to stone Odysseus the Beggar Odysseus the Beggar Odysseus reveals himself first to Telemachus Odysseus’ old nurse, Eurycleia, recognizes him from a scar on his foot Only after Odysseus has slain the suitors does he reveal himself to Penelope Before she will believe him, though, she tests him on knowledge of their bed ...
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