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Virgil's Aeneid 3

Virgil's Aeneid 3 - The Underworld The Underworld Wednesday...

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Unformatted text preview: The Underworld The Underworld Wednesday, July 23 Book 5 Summary Book 5 Summary The Trojans sail to Sicily Funeral games for Anchises (died at the end of Book 3) The Gates of Apollo’s Temple The Gates of Apollo’s Temple Ekphrasis Androgeos’ death Tribute Alludes to Icarus Pasiphae Minotaur Daedalus Theseus Icarus Sibyl of Cumae Sibyl of Cumae Future repeats the past Prophecy Golden Bough – the test – Wars – Simois, Xanthus – New Achilles (Turnus) – “beggar in need” (Odysseus) Stories Stories Heracles’ last task was to fetch Cerberus from the underworld Theseus and Pirithous Orpheus and Eurydice Aeneas encounters . . . Aeneas encounters . . . Palinurus (Cf. Elpenor) Deiphobus – Married Helen after Paris was killed Dido Dido Fields of Mourning – Phaedra – Procris – Eriphyle – Pasiphae – Evadne – Laodamia – Caeneus Dido continued Dido continued Does not respond (cf. Ajax) Aeneas: “I was unwilling when I had to leave your shores.” (6.606) Transmigration of Souls Transmigration of Souls Reincarnation Souls drink from the river Lethe (Forgetfulness) Platonic – Bodies are prisons, harmful, blinding Pageant of Heroes Pageant of Heroes Silvius Numitor Romulus Augustus Marcellus Past and Future Past and Future Aeneas and the Past Aeneas and the Past Sibyl: “The night is near, Aeneas, and we waste our time with tears.” (6.714­15) Aeneas: “But, Father, can it be that any souls would ever leave their dwelling here to go beneath the sky of earth, and once again take on their sluggish bodies? Are they madmen? Why this wild longing for the light of the earth?” (6.948 ff.) Gates of Horn and Ivory Gates of Horn and Ivory Gate of horn – true dreams Gate of ivory – false image Explanations Aeneas leaves from the gate of ivory The second half of the Aeneid The second half of the Homeric elements – War – Turnus – Aeneas’ ruthlessness Myth of Er Myth of Er From Book X of Plato’s Republic Philosophy Er dies and visits the underworld and returns to the upper world to recount his experience Four openings Four openings Judges Two leading to heaven Two leading down into the earth – Heavenly delights – Visions of beauty – A thousand year journey – Suffered punishment ten times over Choosing Your Life Choosing Your Life Virtue is free The choice is yours Men into animals and vice versa Odysseus chooses the life of a private man with no cares The Fates The Fates Also, Moirae Lachesis: “Spinner”, spins the thread of life Clotho: “Allotter”, measures thread Atropos: “Unturning”, “Inevitable”; cuts the thread ...
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