Argonautica-1 - The Voyage of the Argo The Monday, August 4...

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Unformatted text preview: The Voyage of the Argo The Monday, August 4 Apollonius of Rhodes Apollonius From Alexandria Student of Hellenistic poet, Callimachus Director of the Library at Alexandria Composed the Argonautica in mid 3rd Composed Argonautica century BC century Not the only version of this voyage Opening Opening Muse Prophecy Pelias does not honor Pelias Hera/Here Hera/Here Catalogue of the Crew Catalogue Orpheus Mopsus Peleus Heracles Idas Heracles Heracles “Heracles” = Hera + kleos = glory of Hera Heracles” kleos Son of Alcmene (mortal) and Zeus Zeus disguised himself of Amphitryon, Zeus Alcmene’s husband Alcmene’s Married Megara Killed his children after Hera drove him Killed mad mad King Eurystheus orders him to perform King labors labors Twelve Labors of Heracles Twelve Nemean Lion Lernaean Hydra Ceryneian Hind Erymanthian Boar Augean Stables Stymphalian Birds Twelve Labors continued Twelve Cretan Bull Mares of Diomedes Girdle of Hippolyte Cattle of Geryon Apples of Hesperides Cerberus Voyage of the Argonauts Voyage Lemnian Women Lemnian Men brought back slave girls Men from Thrace, whom they preferred to their wives preferred Their wives killed all male Their inhabitants inhabitants Lemnian Women and Dido Lemnian Fear attack from Fear Thracians Thracians Polyxo urges the Polyxo Lemnian women to entrust their land to the Argonauts the Fears attacks from Fears those who surround Carthage Carthage Anna delineates the Anna advantages of having the Trojans stay the Jason and Aeneas Jason Jason’s purple cloak Hypsipyle invites Hypsipyle Jason and the Argonauts to share her rule her Jason refuses, Jason because a greater calling calling Aeneas’ purple cloak Dido invites the Dido Trojans to share her rule rule Aeneas leaves out of Aeneas duty to his fate duty Jason and Aeneas Jason Argonauts linger in Argonauts Lemnos Lemnos Argonauts question Argonauts their stay, p.59 their Trojans linger in Trojans Carthage Carthage Aeneas’ men are Aeneas’ eager to leave Hypsipyle, Circe, and Calypso Hypsipyle, Deceptive Offers xenia Lets Jason go without resistance Doliones Doliones Monsters Monsters Doliones Host the Argonauts Mix-up End up fighting the Argonauts later Their king is killed His wife hangs herself Lost Comrades Lost Abandoned The consolation: Heracles must finish his labors A nymph falls in love with Hylas Polyphemus (not the Cyclops) destined to Polyphemus found a great city found Amycus and the Bebryces Amycus Example of bad xenia Example xenia Boxing match Polydeuces kills Amycus Phineus Phineus Prophet Does not respect Zeus Tormented by Harpies Prophecy about the end Prophecy of Phineus’ trials of Iris’ oath Phineus on Prophecy Phineus “At one time in my folly, I was rash enough At to disclose the plans of Zeus from start to finish. I now realize that he himself intends a prophet’s revelations to be incomplete, so that humanity may miss some part of Heaven’s design.” Heaven’s Phineus’ Prophecy Phineus’ Cf. Tiresias, Circe Clashing Rocks Mossynoeci Colchians No better ally than Aphrodite (cf. urging of No Aeneas to worship Juno) Aeneas Jason as Hero Jason Less heroic? Second Jealous Confused and timid Dealings with Medea Jason as Hero continued Jason OR . . . OR Diplomatic and eloquent Leads through consensus rather than Leads force force Believable and lifelike One of us? Jason and Odysseus Jason Dynamic between them and their men What’s at stake Role of kleos Role kleos Collective vs. the individual Jason as Hero Jason “It is easy for you, Tiphys, to talk in a It cheerful vein. You are only concerned for your own life, whereas I care nothing for mine, but am concerned for each and all alike, you and the rest of my friends. How can I tell whether I shall bring you safely back to Hellas?” (p.90) back Sons of Phrixus Sons Phrixus arrived to Colchis from Hellas on a Phrixus golden ram golden Sacrificed the ram to Zeus Gave the golden fleece to King Aeetes Married Aeetes daughter, Chalciope His sons are picked up by Jason and the His Argonauts Argonauts ...
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