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DSOC LECTURE sep 23 - Andrew Carnegie Steel empire...

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DSOC LECTURE – September 23, 2008 Lecture Outline 1. Historical materialism: Social dynamics determine individual character 2. Implications Historical Materialism - Social dynamics: how people feed, clothe, house, educate, and entertain - Social dynamics= technology + property system - How this changes over time Historical Change - Slow gradual change, punctuated by rapid (revolutionary) change - Technical revolution (time 1) -> Social revolution (time 2) - Technology (mobile) vs. property system (static) Critiques of methodological individualism - Idealistic - Misleading o Origins of Industrialization- Map of Europe- divided into 3 colors based on percentage of industrialization o Industrialization was about producing a lot of things with new technologies. Rising production and declining cost.
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Unformatted text preview: Andrew Carnegie- Steel empire Industrial Revolution-Centuries of Euro-manufacturing (“Jabberwocky”)-James Watt’s steam engine (catalyst) -Technical Revolutions: 1790s in Britain; 1830s in U.S.-Social Revolutions: 1848 revolutions in Europe; Civil War in U.S. Steam powered/ child labor-Children and women would have to do tough jobs all in the name of competition. You want to push your cost down at all costs. Marx’s law of capitalist accumulation-Firms maximize profits/ competition (or it will be brought out)-Macro System: expand or die-World trade/ World war-Credit (Marx & Keynes) Definitions-Capitalism- An economic and Social system where production and exchange are embedded within class domination and exploitation...
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