17-Religion-36 slides

17-Religion-36 slides - Religion, Myth, Ritual, &...

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1 1 2 Religion is a Cultural Universal ¾ Religion is entirely human, they reflect the core values cherished by a given culture ¾ Religious beliefs have been the basis for food taboos ¾ Religion is the basis for how we learn to think about and then treat other people who are similar or not ¾ Religion has often been the basis for war ¾ Religion has been the basis for trade ¾ Religion has been the basis for ethnic cleansing ¾ Religion provides a culture with the basis for many personal and spiritual values ¾ Religious beliefs vary widely but each culture is sure that their beliefs are the correct ones and the best 3 Defining Religion ¾ Religion –Comes from the Latin word religare (to tie, or bind) ¾ Defined by the Webster’s Dictionary as--- “A set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as being the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code for the conduct of human affairs.” Maya god Chac, holding a human heart in his left hand and a drinking cup in his right, one of over 166 recorded Maya gods
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2 4 A Simple Definition ¾ This simple level of belief is called animism , it is found in all cultures and why we say religion is a universal trait ¾ Animism is defined as a belief in the existence of a supernatural or spiritual force that resides in physical things, including people ¾ Animism is also a belief in a force or reservoir of power that people possess and something that they can call upon for help (Example from STAR WARS: let the force be with you !) The simplest definition of religion is : a belief that people have a duality one physical self and one soul or spiritual self Angles carrying a soul to heaven 5 Origin of Religion ¾ Origin of religion may go back to when humans first learned to reason and ask questions, not sure of the date ¾ Archaeological records hint of some evidence: around 100,000 years ago ( Neandertals ), buried their dead, but is that certain proof of religion or a belief in an afterlife? 6 Group Selection and Religion ¾ Some anthropologists believe that religion developed in cultures out of a process we call Group Selection ¾ Defined: When human societies began, ideas and concepts that were beneficial to the group were accepted and retained as part of their culture, the incest taboo and religion are two of these ¾ Researchers argue that something as elaborate , as time-consuming , as energy-consuming , and as thought-consuming as religion would not exist in human societies unless it also had a secular utility ¾ Argue that religions provide for group sanctions (birth control, morals, explains natural events, basis for food and cultural taboos, etc.) in cultures that individuals would not have developed on their own
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3 7 Why are religions universal? ¾
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17-Religion-36 slides - Religion, Myth, Ritual, &...

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