16-Marriage- 39 slides

16-Marriage- 39 slides - Marriage, Love, & Sex 1 Sex...

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1 1 2 Sex ¾ The sex drive and the attachments that are created by this are fundamental to the survival of human society ¾ The sex drive is useful, but it functions as a contradictory force within social units of cultures ¾ Sex can create good feelings & important bonds between people but it can also cause: ¾ Competition among males and females ¾ Frustration for either gender ¾ Bad feelings (jealousy, hate, fear, deceit, etc.) 3 Sexual Regulations ¾ The areas of most societies that are the most frequently regulated with some form of defined rules include: ¾ Incest prohibition ¾ Sexual relations before and during marriage ¾ Sexual relations outside marriage (i.e., adultery)
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2 4 Incest Taboo ¾ Incest —biological incest is defined as having sexual relations with a close relative ¾ The incest taboo is a cultural universal and is found in all cultures ever studied ¾ What constitutes incest in the eyes of a specific society will vary widely from one culture to another ¾ Punishment for breaking the incest taboo varies among cultures but it is usually severe 5 Why have an Incest Taboo? ¾ Instinctive Horror Theory — Some believe that as a species Homo sapiens have been genetically programmed to avoid incest, thus they believe it is innate ¾ This theory has been challenged often and today most believe this is not correct ¾ Specific kin relatives that are often included within the incest taboo are often linked culturally rather than being based on biological descent ¾ For example: in most patrilineal kinship systems, having sex with your mother’s sister’s children would be considered incest 6 Why have an Incest Taboo? ¾ Biological Degeneration Theory — some argue that the incest taboo developed in response to abnormal offspring born from incestuous unions ( this theory has been discarded as a universal reason for the incest taboo ) ¾ Decline in fertility and survival of offspring can sometimes accompany brother-sister mating across several generations, it amplifies any genetic defect ¾ Most human marriage patterns are based on specific cultural beliefs rather than universal concerns about biological degenerations that might occur several generations into the future
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3 7 Origin of the Incest Taboo ¾ Attempt and restraint ¾ Bronislaw Malinowski argued that the incest taboo originated in early human populations to divert sexual feelings away from one’s nuclear family and thus avoid disrupting the family structure and family relationships ¾ Sigmund Freud argued that members of the same family naturally lust for one another , making it essential for societies to create rules to prevent this (incest taboo) ¾ Today many psychoanalysts still support this Freudian concept. One argument used to support their stance is that incest taboos would obviously not exist if there was no desire to perform the acts in question within the family 8 Contempt Theory ¾ The Contempt Theory argues that people are less likely to be sexually attracted to their siblings
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16-Marriage- 39 slides - Marriage, Love, & Sex 1 Sex...

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