9. Slavery

9. Slavery - Slavery, Africa, and the Americas Origins of...

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Slavery, Africa, and the Americas
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Origins of the Atlantic Slave Trade n Ancient and Medieval Slavery n Middle Ages n Serfdom predominant n Italian importation of white slaves from the Baltic region (1200s) n Muslims in Spain n African slaves imported through Muslim traders
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Origins of the Atlantic Slave Trade (cont’d) n Gradual increase in number of African slaves imported by Spain & Portugal in 1400s (more than 1,000 a year) n By 1492, more than 25,000 African slaves in Europe (would continue to be imported into the 1700s, in small numbers)
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The “New World” Traffic in Slaves n 1502: first reference to African slaves imported into the Americas (Spanish colonies) n Slaves would be imported continuously into the Americas until 1860s n More than 9,900,000 (15 million or more were taken, but only about 10 million of them survived the trans-Atlantic voyage
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Major Forms of Slave Labor n Cotton (after 1800) n Tobacco (1700s, American colonies especially) n Sugar (Central & South America, Caribbean) n n Household servants n Urban labor (manual labor, artisanal)
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9. Slavery - Slavery, Africa, and the Americas Origins of...

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