{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lecture October 14

Lecture October 14 - Lecture October 14 Sociological...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture October 14: Sociological theories of crime a. Problems with official poverty measure a. Out of touch with standards of living and consumption patterns: i. Childcare (working women with children under 6 increased from 15% to 58%) ii. transportation, other work related expenses b. Changes in household composition and family patterns c. Geographic variations in prices. d. Increases in medical costs and benefits e. Increase of payroll taxes (1-5 to 9-11%) f. Excludes non cash items such as food stamps, childcare assistance b. Vertical and horizontal occupational “ghettos” a. Horizontal segregation i. Rests on the notion that men and women are mentally, physically and emotionally suited for different sorts of jobs b. Vertical i. Ordering and exclusion of women from occupations by income prestige and power c. Dynamic Analysis: Is there a stable population who is poor? More recent estimates a. Nearly one-third of the population had at least one spell of poverty lasting 2 or more months during the 3-year period from 2001 to 2003. b. Chronic poverty was relatively uncommon, with 2.4 percent of the population living in poverty all 36 months of the period. d. Skill mismatch
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
i. Lower demand for workers at the lower end of the economic spectrum ii. Declining wages iii. Fewer manufacturing jobs b. Explanations: i. Deindustrialization (from manufacturing to services) ii. Technological change (raises demand for some highly skilled workers e.g. computer related professions) e. Supply-side accounts a. Labor force expanded by more than 44 million from 1950 to 1970 (70% increase) i. Entrance of baby boom generation into the workforce. 1. Decrease on wages does not coincide with entrance and exit of this generation b. Entrance of women into the labor force i. But women’s wages rose at every decile and high occupational segregation.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern