Lecture on November 11 - Lecture on November 11, 2008...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Lecture on November 11, 2008 Social construction of social problems Health and Inequality o Not all inequalities are a result of the large uninsured population. Some inequalities still persist in countries with universal insurance (UK) o Sickness and poverty Complex relation. Some researchers argue that poor health is a factor causing poverty Miss work, lose income, job instability, poor performance Children miss school, do worse in classes and activities More vulnerable in early childhood Material deprivation and the environment Living conditions o Exposure to lead and other toxins o Agriculture work and pesticides Social deprivation and stress Less control and more demands at work at the low ranking positions Stress increases blood pressure, weight gain, hypertension, diabetes Social isolation and poor health of ties to close friends, clubs, etc. Higher monetary rates Lack of resources, inadequate information and harmful habits Health care and the US Economy Total health care spending as percentage of GDP o 1975 8% o 2003 15% o 2016 20% projection We spend the most on healthcare yet we dont have the best results If outcome isnt good then it might not necessarily be a bad situation People have to make choices to sort the money and see how much to actually spend on healthcare o If increase health care, have to deduct somewhere else Federal spending for Medicaid and Medicare Difference between growth is about the same rate as GDP growth Past years its been 3.5% greater than GDP Just a tiny portion of healthcare spending (Medicare and Medicaid) o Just projections though Factors driving high US health spending GDP per capita Distribution of market power and prices o Improve market power relations between buyers and sellers Capacity of health system (less doctors/ nurses/hospital beds per capita) Administrative complexity and costs (24% of health spending in 1999) o Multiple layers of shifting costs etc. o Example) compare to Canada all have lower admin costs than the US Unwillingness to ration healthcare o Limited supply, lots of demand o They allocate in terms of price (not other criteria) o Which will jack up the price Pharmaceutical prices o Market driven policies o Lot of purchasing power o Lots of money put into drug development and if you bring drug prices down in the long run there will be less market innovation to make more drugs o You can go abroad but the reason they are going abroad is because the us is making the drugs that the other nations are taking and lowering the prices for their own citizens o What scholars have pointed out are that only 10-15% is spent in research and development Big chunk is spent in marketing In many countries it is illegal for pharmaceuticals to market towards the people (they can only market through doctors) Does that justify the high prices?...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/04/2009 for the course DSOC 207 taught by Professor Santos during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 13

Lecture on November 11 - Lecture on November 11, 2008...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online