X_credit_5_DSOC_1101

X_credit_5_DSOC_1101 - DSOC 1101 Spring 2009 Extra-Credit#5...

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DSOC 1101 – Spring 2009 Extra-Credit #5 – Gender Discrimination Due in lecture on Wednesday, April 1, 2009 Efforts to combat sexual discrimination eventually led to the passage of Title IX of the Education Act Amendments of 1972. Title IX prohibits gender discrimination against students and others by schools and universities. The legislation covers a number of areas including admissions, student and faculty recruitment, employment, student aid, and facilities. It also attempts to insure equal treatment of the sexes in all athletic programs by stating that equal opportunities for athletics must be provided for both sexes in the same ratio as the school’s enrollment. During the 1991-92 school year, Brown University (Providence, Rhode Island) had a student enrollment that was nearly 50% male, 50% female. In April, 1991, as part of a campus wide budget cutback, Brown’s Department of Athletics and Physical Education changed the funding source for four varsity teams: men’s golf, men’s water polo, women’s volleyball and women’s gymnastics. The teams would continue in varsity competition but were required to raise their own operating funds. Sixty percent of the athletes affected by the change were male, roughly reflecting the 60-40 ratio of men and women in Brown’s varsity program at the time. Amy Cohen, a female gymnast and others, brought suit demanding that the university continue funding the women’s athletic teams at existing levels, and refrain from further cuts. Cohen argued that according to Title IX equal opportunities for athletics must be provided for both
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