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Unformatted text preview: 1 Sociological Perspectives Sociological Perspectives DSOC 1101 January 28, 2009 Theory and Theoretical Approaches Theory and Theoretical Approaches A theory involves constructing abstract interpretations that can be used to explain a wide variety of empirical situations. Early Sociologists: Early Sociologists: Enlightenment Assumptions Enlightenment Assumptions Reason and rationality replaces religion Truth can be arrived at through empirical observation Human experience is the foundation of human understanding of truth All human life, both social and individual, can be understood in the same way the natural world can be understood Human history is largely a history of progress Human beings can be improved through education and the development of their rational facilities 2 Auguste Auguste Comte (1798 Comte (1798-1857) 1857) The father of sociology Coined the word sociology sociology Set out to develop the science of man that science of man that...
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