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Unformatted text preview: 1 Sociological Perspectives Sociological Perspectives DSOC 1101 January 28, 2009 Theory and Theoretical Approaches Theory and Theoretical Approaches A theory involves constructing abstract interpretations that can be used to explain a wide variety of empirical situations. Early Sociologists: Early Sociologists: Enlightenment Assumptions Enlightenment Assumptions • Reason and rationality replaces religion • Truth can be arrived at through empirical observation • Human experience is the foundation of human understanding of truth • All human life, both social and individual, can be understood in the same way the natural world can be understood • Human history is largely a history of progress • Human beings can be improved through education and the development of their rational facilities 2 Auguste Auguste Comte (1798 Comte (1798-1857) 1857) • The father of sociology • Coined the word sociology sociology • Set out to develop the “science of man” that science of man that...
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- Spring '07
- Sociology, communist society, human history, empirical observation, word sociology sociology