Test Four Review

Test Four Review - Chapter Twenty Eight: Reform and...

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Chapter Twenty Eight: Reform and Rebellion in the Turbulent Sixties, 1960-1969 John F. Kennedy: 35 th president, the youngest and only Roman Catholic president elected to office, beat out Richard Nixon in the first televised debates, charismatic but wasn’t able to get much legislation passed, tried to end recession while controlling price inflation, secured funding for space exploration and creation of NASA, forced desegregation of Southern universities, outlawed segregation in public places, was assassinated in November 1963 while campaigning for the upcoming election New Frontier: intended to boost the economy, to provide international aid, provide for national defense, and to boost the space program. Kennedy made a point to control monopoly prices, and was an advocate of civil rights. He also managed to increase the minimum wage. Established the Peace Corps internationally. Robert S. McNamera: secretary of defense and highly successful president of Ford Motor Companies Peace Corps: sent young men and women overseas to assist developing countries by working with people at a grassroots level Martin Luther King, Jr: the nation’s preeminent spokesperson for civil rights and proponent of nonviolent protest Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLS): an organization of southern black clergy Congress of Racial Equality (CORE): an interracial group that promoted change through peaceful confrontation Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC): militant anti-racist group, organized sit-ins at segregated lunch stands and “freedom rides” on segregated busses Lyndon B. Johnson: Kennedy’s vice president who assumed office after the assassination, willing to wield presidential power aggressively and to use the media to shape public opinion in pursuit of his vision of life in which the comforts of life would be more widely shared and poverty would be eliminated Great Society: liberal legislation including civil rights laws, Medicare (health care for the elderly), Medicaid (health care for the poor), aid to education, and a major "War on Poverty". Simultaneously, he escalated the American involvement in the Vietnam War, from 16,000 American soldiers in 1963 to 550,000 in early 1968. Barry Goldwater: the American politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. Ran against LBJ in the election of 1964 and lost by a landslide War on Poverty: Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 – created the Office of Economic Opportunity to provide education and training through programs for unskilled young people trapped in the poverty cycle. It created Head Start, which gave disadvantaged young children a chance to succeed in school. Medicare: a health insurance program administered by the government for people
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Test Four Review - Chapter Twenty Eight: Reform and...

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