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Study_Guide_1 - HIST 121 Study Guide Exam 1 I. Terms...

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HIST 121 American Civilization I Spring 2008 Study Guide – Exam 1 I. Terms “God, gold, and glory”: these were the goals of European explorers of the New World. Jamestown: the first British settlement in the New World. It was settled by the Virginia company, and was just looking to make a quick profit. second sons: the men who came over to settle the New World, they were the second born sons and had no inherited property of their own Captain John Smith: one of the leaders of Jamestown who establishes good relations with the Indians and forces the settlers to work for 6 hours a day. Powhatan: the Indian chief who lived in the tribe next to Jamestown. He ran a very militaristic tribe and didn’t get along with the settlers. indentured servants: people who couldn’t afford to pay their passage from England. They would work for someone for 5-7 years to pay their passage back. House of Burgesses: an elected assembly who made the tax laws in Virginia Tobacco: the most important crop in the Virginia colony. collective covenant: a promise with the whole community, if everyone in the town followed God’s laws, then God would bless the town in an earthly way “city upon a hill”: the Puritans wanted to a model community that England could be like Predestination: God decided if your soul was saved before you were born. You could tell if you were saved if you felt compelled to do things that pleased God covenant of grace: salvation was a gift God gave you and there wasn’t anything you could do to make yourself saved Proclamation Line of 1763: forbade colonists from buying or settling land west of the Appalachians Stamp Act: put a tax on anything that was made out of paper Boston Massacre: began with a conflict with the British soldiers about jobs. Five colonists were killed and six were wounded. Coercive Acts: the ports of Boston were closed, the local government was restricted, and the Quartering Act was put into place. Common Sense : a pamphlet published by Thomas Paine that protested British rule Cosmopolitans: the wealthy educated citizens who lived in the cities. They didn’t like the Articles of Confederation. Localists: lower class who were focused more on their own locality. They liked the Articles of Confederation because it gave them power. II.
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Study_Guide_1 - HIST 121 Study Guide Exam 1 I. Terms...

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