Test Two Review

Test Two Review - Chapter Twenty Alfred T. Mahan: a naval...

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Chapter Twenty Alfred T. Mahan: a naval strategist who believed that national power depended on naval supremacy, control of sea lanes, and vigorous development of domestic resources and foreign markets. He also advocated colonies in the Pacific and the Caribbean, linked by a canal built and controlled by the US. USS Maine: the sinking of the Maine in Havana Harbor precipitated the Spanish- American War William McKinley: 25th president, signature issues: high tariffs, defended gold standard against free silver, pluralism, introduced new advertising-style techniques, fought the Spanish-American War, assinated William Randolph Hearst: His New York City paper, the New York Morning Journal , became known for sensationalist writing and for its agitation in favor of the Spanish-American War, and the term yellow journalism (a pejorative reference to scandal-mongering, sensationalism, jingoism and similar practices) was derived from the Journal's color comic strip, The Yellow Kid . Spanish-American War: The Spanish-American War was a conflict between the Kingdom of Spain and the United States of America that took place from April to August 1898. The war ended in victory for the United States and the end of the Spanish Empire in the Caribbean and Pacific. Only 113 days after the outbreak of war, the Treaty of Paris, which ended the conflict, gave the United States control over the former Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam, and control over the process of independence of Cuba, which was completed in 1902. The main reason for the United States to threaten Spain with war was Spain's inability to guarantee peace and stability in Cuba. Treaty of Paris: ended the Spanish-American War. The Treaty of Paris provided that Cuba would become an independent country, and the United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and agreed to pay Spain twenty million dollars for the Philippines Philippine Insurrection: on February 4, 1899 a misunderstanding occured between the two nations. A Filipino was shot by an American soldier at San Juan Bridge. It was believed that the American soldier gave fair warnings to the Filipino as he entered U.S. borders, however, unable to understand the language was the reason of the first shot that sparked the beginning of the war. On August 14, 1899, 11,000 American ground troops were sent to occupy the Philippines; they were successful in defeating the Philippine Army in just over three years time, though sporadic guerrilla style fighting continued on to 1913. Open Door Policy: 1. demanded an open door for American trade by declaring the principle of equal access to commercial rights in China by all nations. 2. called on all countries to respect the “territorial and administrative integrity” of China (offered China protection and preserved the balance of power in East Asia) Panama Canal: The United States, under Theodore Roosevelt, bought out the French equipment and excavations, and began work in 1904, after helping
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Test Two Review - Chapter Twenty Alfred T. Mahan: a naval...

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