Pysch Study Notes - Monists believe that mental events are...

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Monists believe that mental events are a product of physical events. James Olds and Peter Milner linked activity in specific brain area with Pleasure. Evolutionary pressures stimulated the development of thinking and reasoning. E.O Wilson- the main goal in life is to pass on one’s genes Structuralism- the analysis of the mind in terms of its basic elements Introspection- looking within, describing your self experiences Gestalt psychology was concerned with how elements of experience are organized into wholes. British Empiricism views observation as a more valid approach to knowledge than reasoning. Functionalist- adaptations to behaviour According to functionalism the type of question that should be asked by psychologists is “why are we conscious?” Norms are the rules that clarify what is acceptable and unacceptable behaviour The two perspectives that contribute to the environmental level of analysis are sociocultural and behavioural Behaviourism founded by John b. Watson The techniques of behaviour modification developed out of the work of B.F. Skinner
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