Lecture 004 - The Enlightenment Science and Reason

Lecture 004 - The Enlightenment Science and Reason - The...

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Unformatted text preview: The Enlightenment: Science and Reason – September 22 nd , 2008 • Enlightenment broadly took place throughout the 18 th century • Revolutionized the way Europeans looked at the world around them • In essence, was about ideas. The Roots of the Enlightenment • The roots of the Enlightenment came from: the rise of humanism in the Renaissance, scepticism, and rationalism • Humanism: the conviction that human affairs mattered; humans have a role to play in understanding the world, a focus on the human being. Also a belief that humans can shape the world around them. This movement grew in opposition to methods of searching for answers through religion/superstitions. Came through in the Renaissance. • Scepticism: a method from which to seek knowledge, which sought to question everything, and to take nothing for granted. • Rationalism: the belief that knowledge that would come out of reason. Instead of trusting your feeling or your emotions, you use reason to answer questions. • All three shaped the way Europeans looked at the world. Away from trusting tradition and authority, but instead towards ourselves....
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2009 for the course HISTORY 1401 taught by Professor Nathans during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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Lecture 004 - The Enlightenment Science and Reason - The...

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