The “First” Revolution – October 8 th , 2008 Calling For A Meeting of the Estates General • An assembly that had gathered made up of the clergy, nobility, Third Estate. They met with monarchs to craft new laws, mostly around taxes. • Monarchy was not keen on calling Estates General. • Crown was bankrupt; Crown could no longer borrow money from banks as the banks believed the Crown could not repay them. • The Estates General marked end of absolute monarchism. Europe on the Eve of the French Revolution • Massive peasant rebellion in Russia, Pugachev Revolt • England facing rebellions in America and Ireland • Habsburg monarchy wished to break serfdom and power of the aristocracy, modernizing army, seizing lands of religious associations, however, Hungary tried to break away, and Belgium breaks away from Habsburgs. • Sweden’s Gustavus III is killed for his reforms. The Pre-Revolution (1788-1789) • Opposition and discussion had come from the elites. • The electoral process of electing delegates for the Estates General informed the population of the
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