Lecture 18 The Industrial Revolution

Lecture 18 The Industrial Revolution - Preconditions...

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Beethoven, Symphony no. 3 ‘Eroica’
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Allyson N. May SSC 4088 Mondays and Wednesdays, 1:30-2:30 pm amay6@uwo.ca
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Europe in the Nineteenth Century Social and political relations The rise of nation states and relations among them Shift in the European world-view
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The Industrial Revolution Definition: ‘The process of shifting from hand tools to power machinery’ (Palmer)
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‘The breakthrough into a sustained acceleration in the growth of the total output of manufactured goods – based on steam-power, machinery and factories – which occurred 1 st in Britain …and which opened a new epoch in human history.’ Dictionary of English and European History, 1485- 1789
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Great Britain The first industrial nation
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Unformatted text preview: Preconditions Political stability Commercial, financial, and agrarian revolutions: Market, capital, and labour Agriculture Enclosure Transportation Turnpikes (toll roads) Telford and Macadam The stagecoach The canal system Industry Iron Cotton Inventions Kays flying shuttle (1733) Hargreaves spinning jenny (1766) Arkwrights water frame (1769) Comptons spinning mule (1779) Cartwrights power loom (1784) Inventions Newcomen steam engine (1708) James Watts steam engine (1769) The Factory System Mechanization and the integration of production: New work and time disciplines Population growth and urbanization North and South The industrial towns...
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Lecture 18 The Industrial Revolution - Preconditions...

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