Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Psychology: The Science of Behaviour...

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Chapter 1 – Psychology: The Science of Behaviour 9/11: “Out of this horror came for me the realization that no matter how  much evil there is in the world, there are people who are great and  wonderful and evil will never win out.” People recalled exactly when they learned of the tragedy, where and what  they were doing at the time Somehow through all the fear and horror, they felt closer together “Down through the ages… we have had political, economic and  nationalistic revolutions. All of them, as our descendants will discover, are  but ripples in an ocean of conservatism – trivial by comparison with the  psychological revolution toward which we are so rapidly moving” Aldous  Huxley, 1950. The scientific study of behaviours and the factors that influence it . o Behaviour:  observable actions as well as mental events (thoughts,  feelings, images, and reactions) o Take biological, individual and environmental factors into account o E.g. Remember, think, reason, effect of drugs, reasons for love,  culture’s influence on behaviours, causes and controls of  aggression, genes, chilled-rearing methods, dreams, causes and  treatments of mental disorders and addictions, unconscious factors’  effects on actions, stress Research methods: o Basic : the quest for knowledge purely for its own sake Describe behaviour Identify factors that influence or cause particular behaviour Carried out in lab or real world o Applied : designed to solve specific practical problems Uses principles discovered through basic research to solve  practical problems Robbers Cave : competition could breed hostility and that conflict between  groups could be decreased by making the groups dependent upon each  other so they had to cooperate Jigsaw Program : requires children to cooperate rather than compete for  any of them to succeed… in groups, each has a different piece of  information, but not the whole… to get the whole, they must share.
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Goals of Psychology : o Describe     : how people and animals behave o Explain and understand     : causes o Predict     : behaviour under certain circumstances o Influence or control     : behaviour through knowledge and control of  causes People ask psychological questions everyday, eg “What’s Happening?”  “Why did they do that?” Prediction can be used without having complete understanding… eg  scores on a personality test predict school drop outs Charles Whitman  killed wife and mother, then 14 people in 90 minutes  before shot by police… How did here explode into violence? o
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2009 for the course PSYCH 1000 taught by Professor Atkinson during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Psychology: The Science of Behaviour...

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