Lecture 1 Introduction

Lecture 1 Introduction - Psychology 360 Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 360 Psychology INTRODUCTION! Some Relevant Terms But how do we determine what abnormal behavior is? What criteria should we use to distinguish between normal and abnormal behavior? behavior? Some Possible Definitions Some Statistical infrequency Violation of Norms Personal Distress Distress to others Disability or dysfunction Unexpectedness Harmful Dysfunction Harmful Jerome Wakefield Dysfunction – A trait fails to optimally Dysfunction perform the specific function that it was evolutionarily designed to perform. evolutionarily Harmful – A social judgment that a Harmful dysfunction is undesirable. Abnormality is implied when a dysfunction is viewed as harmful by society. Professionals who Treat Abnormal Behavior Behavior Clinical Psychologists Hold a Ph.D. or a Psy.D. Hold 4 years of graduate school, 1-year clinical internship, 1-year post-doctoral placement internship, Expertise in diagnosis, treatment, testing. Expertise Social Workers Social Have completed a M.S.W. Have with additional training and in psychiatric issues. and Expertise in treatment, Expertise often with a strong background in group and family therapy family Psychiatrists Psychiatrists Completed medical school Completed a psychiatric Completed residency residency Expertise in diagnosis, Expertise treatment, and medical interventions. interventions. The only mental health The professional qualified to prescribe (but this is changing). prescribe Marriage and Family Therapists/ Counselors/Mental Health Workers Counselors/Mental Have a variety of Have different degrees - such as M.F.C.C., M.A., or B.A. Exact qualifications vary across setting. across The Prime Directive The Psychologists must avoid Psychologists dual relationships! dual A dual relationship is one in which dual an individual has two separate relationship roles. Relationship roles include: roles Therapist Therapist Romantic partner or friend Business Partner Business Student or Instructor Patient Historical Perspectives Historical 1. Demonology and 1. Superstition Superstition 2. The Somatogenic 2. Perspective Perspective 3. The Dark Ages 3. 4. The Asylum Movement The 5. Moral treatment 5. Historical Perspective (cont) Historical 6. The Mental Hygiene Movement 6. The 8. Modern Somatogenic Perspectives 8. Modern Emil Kraepelin <----- A name that is Emil certain to appear on the first midterm!!! certain 9. The Psychogenic Perspective Thomas Kuhn Thomas The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Paradigms guide all scientific inquiry and thought in a particular area. thought A paradigm is a guiding set of assumptions, theories, and methods. Fall of a Paradigm Fall When a paradigm fails to explain phenomena, a period of crisis occurs. Eventually, the paradigm falls and is replaced by a new paradigm. A new paradigm emerges and guides all thinking in the area. This paradigm will remain dominant until a new crisis occurs. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2009 for the course PSYC 360 taught by Professor Borders during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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