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Lecture 3 Classification

Lecture 3 Classification - Organizing and Simplifying...

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Organizing and Simplifying Complex Phenomena
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The D iagnostic S tatistical M anual produced by the American Psychiatric Association is the most influential diagnostic system for abnormal behavior in North America. Throughout most of the rest of the world, the ICD – 10 (International Categorization of Diseases), produced by the UN health agency (WHO) is more influential. Why do we have two entirely different systems?
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In the 1930s through 1950s, DSM I and DSM II are introduced in America. What political events might have fostered an interest in the classification of mental disorders at this time? DSM I and II were organized according to Freudian Psychoanalytic theory. Divided into two larger categories: Neuroses and Psychoses.
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DSM I and DSM II were not very reliable, and hence, were not particularly influential. DSM III, written in the 1980s, is a return to ideas first introduced by Emil Kraepelin. In fact, DSM III was essentially a modified version of Kraepelin’s textbook.
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