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Lecture 11 Personality Disorders

Lecture 11 Personality Disorders - Personality Disorders...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Disorders Personality Part 1 Axis II Personality Disorders Axis Trait disorders. Relatively stable Relatively patterns of maladjustment that have a pervasive influence across contexts. contexts. Axis II Personality Disorders Axis Usually emerge by Usually early adolescence, but have their roots much earlier in development. in Axis II Personality Disorders Axis Cluster A: Odd or Cluster eccentric behavior. eccentric – Schizoid – Schizotypal – Paranoid Axis II Personality Disorders Axis Cluster B: Dramatic Cluster or erratic cluster. or – Borderline – Narcissistic – Histrionic – Antisocial Axis II Personality Disorders Axis Cluster C: Cluster Anxious/fearful cluster. Anxious/fearful – Avoidant – Dependent – Obsessive Obsessive compulsive compulsive Paranoid Personality Disorder Paranoid Primary features: Primary Distrust, suspiciousness. suspiciousness Paranoid Personality Disorder Paranoid Some symptoms: – Constant fears of being mistreated or Constant exploited exploited – Doubts about loyalty or trustfulness of Doubts others others – Sees negative intent in benign situations – Predominant mood is anger and hostility Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizoid Primary features: Primary Detachment from social relationships, restricted range of emotional expression in interpersonal situations. situations. Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizoid Some symptoms: – Prefers solitary activities – Little interest in sexual activity – Lacks friends or confidants – Indifferent to praise or criticism – Emotional detachment – Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities Schizotypal Personality Disorder Schizotypal Primary features: Primary Cognitive/perceptual distortions, eccentric behavior, social problems. problems Schizotypal Personality Disorder Schizotypal Some symptoms: – Ideas of reference – Odd beliefs or magical thinking – Unusual perceptual experiences – Odd speech patterns – Suspiciousness (can impede relationships) – Inappropriate affect – Behavior/appearance that is odd or eccentric ...
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