Topic_2_Econ162BW

Topic_2_Econ162BW - Economics 162 The Economy of China...

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Unformatted text preview: Economics 162 The Economy of China Topic 2 - Geography and History Professor David Roland Holst Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Tuesday and Thursday, 12:30-2PM, 10 Evans Hall Geography hy economists think geography is important • Why economists think geography is important to economic development: raditional subsistence economy: climate, land, Traditional subsistence economy: climate, land, water, other resources, ecology, etc. Modern economy: trade, coastal lines, ports, roads, other logistics and infrastructure • Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Norton 1997 Fates of Human Societies, Norton, 1997 A fascinating book about how geography has shaped human societies Roland-Holst 2 Economics 162 Economics 162 p Geography Roland-Holst 3 Geography omplexity of the influence of geography Complexity of the influence of geography Resources: the role of fate eography and technology Geography and technology transport technology lecommunication telecommunication air conditioning eography and institutions Geography and institutions Cultural and social evolution (identity, language, family and higher organizations) Roland-Holst 4 Economics 162 Economics 162 Conflict and defense China Roland-Holst 5 Economics 162 Economics 162 Arable Land is Scarce… Roland-Holst 6 Economics 162 Economics 162 Annual rainfall is limited… Roland-Holst 7 Economics 162 Economics 162 Global Water Availability Roland-Holst 8 Economics 162 Economics 162 River Systems Roland-Holst 9 Economics 162 Economics 162 United States Roland-Holst 10 Economics 162 Economics 162 India Roland-Holst 11 Economics 162 Economics 162 Comparisons and and population (1980s) • Land and population (1980s) – China and India similar, U.S. is different (abundant land) Pop (M) farmland(h) farmland/capita China 1,200 1.39 0.12 India 731 1.41 0.19 S 43 7 70 U.S. 243 1.7 0.70 • Climate and latitude – China and US similar, India is different (south to the tropic of cancer) • Coastal lines – dia and US similar China is different (semi land- cked) Roland-Holst 12 Economics 162 Economics 162 India and US similar, China is different (semi land locked) Population Trends Roland-Holst 13 13 December 2006 Chronology asic facts and major events Basic facts and major events -1840 (pre-modern period) 1840-1911 (pre-Republic period) (p p p ) 1911-1949 (Republic period) 1949-1978 (People’s Republic, pre-reform) 1979-present (People’s Republic, post-reform) Roland-Holst 14 Economics 162 Economics 162 Historical Perspective of China’s conomic Position in the World Economic Position in the World • 1000 A.D. (Song Dynasty): China among the richest nations in the world 820 A D (Qing Daynasty): China’s total GDP • 1820 A.D. (Qing Daynasty): China’s total GDP still the largest in the world • 1950 A.D. (at the inception of the People’s ( p p Republic): China’s total real GDP smallest in history 978 A D (at the inception of the reform):...
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2009 for the course UGBA 137 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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Topic_2_Econ162BW - Economics 162 The Economy of China...

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