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The Federalist Number 100001

The Federalist Number 100001 - /duellio9'qxP 1:01 PM Page ~...

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+ /duellio9'qxP 2/12/2006 1:01 PM Page ~ 3 / A More Perfect Union 27 The Federalist Number 10 James Madison Among the numerous advantages promised by a well constructed Union, none deserves to be more accurately developed than its ten~ dency to break and control the violence of faction . . . . By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amount- ing to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and ac- tuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate in- terests of the community. There are t•••••• :._i..• .... :...• ,01,.•.••• the one, ~~~::a:=;~~~l~~:etltm: the one, by"., •••• _:_;WI1tigbM"Wi~.lU U II.i" __ ~e; the other, b~.:QlL~~iiIMiI •. _.IIfT'.""'i••..~, ••• j", 'ilMl* ••• F ire IUP It could never be more truly said than of the first remedy, that it was worse than the disease. lJi•••• t~!i._._i~i.i~ .. tQ~~ , an aliment without which it instantly expires. But it could not be less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its de- structive agency. The second expedient is as impracticable as the first would be un- wise. Aslong as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at lib- erty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed . . . . and from the influence of these on the sentiments and views of the respective proprietors, •• ~,~~~.~i"i~i.~ts •••••• ••••• _ af/_d' 1I'•• ·•••.•••.• i_'_.ofmap; and we see them everywhere . . . . A zeal for different opinions con- cerning 'O".s., concerning ~.I I I; and many other points, as well of speculation as of practice; an attachment to different leaders ambitiously contending for pre-eminence and power; or to persons of other descriptions whose fortunes have been interesting to the human. passions, have, in turn, divided mankind into parties, inflamed them with mutual animosity, and rendered them much more disposed to vex From James Madison, "X [Number 10l," in [Alexander Hamilton, James Madi- son, and John Jay], The Federalist:A Collection of Essays, Written in Favour of the New Constitution, as Agreed Upon by the Federal Convention, September 17, 1787, vol. 1 (New York:J. and A. M'Lean, 1788), 52-61. +
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+ lduelling.qxp 2/12/2006 1:01 PM Page ~ 28 THE WAY I SEE IT: DUELING INTERPRETATIONS OF AMERICAN HISTORY and oppress each other than to co-operate for their common good. So strong is this propensity of mankind to fall into mutual animosities, that where no substantial occasion presents itself, the most frivolous and fanciful distinctions have been sufficient to kindle their unfriendly passions and eXcite_th~i¥rifrWit!~;=~~~ =::::::: Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society.Those who are creditors, and those who are debtors, fall under a like discrimination.
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