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Chapter 8-Knowledge - Knowledge Chapter 8 1 Terms Concepts...

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1 Knowledge Chapter 8
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2 Terms Concepts mental representation that is used for a variety of cognitive functions, such as memory, reasoning, and using and understanding language Categorization Most commonly studied function of concepts Process by which things are placed into groups, or categories
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3 Categories and Definitions Why Categories Are Useful Prevents chaos Placement gives us information about objects in that category Tool for making inferences Helps us make sense of events, people, situations Why Definitions Don’t Work for Categories Definitional approach works well for some things, but not all Problem is that not all members of a category share the same features Family resemblance approach
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4 Determining Categories by Similarity Definitional approach tries to match properties of an object with the properties in the definition. Since this approach is not useable, the prototype and exemplar strategy suggests that categorization depends on similarities between properties of object and a standard representation of the category.
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5 Prototype Approach
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