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ENGLISH 216 MIDTERM TERMS REVIEW Periodization – The act of dividing a subject into historical eras for purposes of analysis in a study imposes false ideas on a writer * applying HOMOGENY to the period * by utilizing periodization you can compare and contrast Wordsworth and Coleridge * both authors have different styles but are in the different period… they are categorized together * Romantics: 1780s-1830s * Victorian – 1837-1901 Genre – any category of a story being told, agreement of expectations between artist and reader—the agreement should satisfy the reader *Preface to Lyrical Ballads… Wordsworth adds a twist... alters the genre in three ways: 1) turns epic inward… self-reflexive (poetry is it’s own subject matter)… shift towards democratic idea w/ middle-class hero 2) Shelley uses the genre as a way around intellectual status. Can discuss subjects in the “male-sphere,” such as politics, science Romanticism - rebellion against previous generation (one that was focused on order/reason) and a focus on imagination and self, 1780s-1830s. Started with an original 6 poets. It’s focused on the imagination itself. a) The Romantic Sublime – feeling of awe and fear, inspired by things too vast to understand. Used by Keats “Ode to a Grecian Urn.” Focuses on art or nature. 1) “Ode to a Nightingale” – numbing pain ... his emotions are numbed. b) 2 nd Generation Romantics came away from self-reflexivity as much as
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reflexing on themselves through external objects like the urn. Lyric poetry – condensed single speaker exploring the process of thought or single feeling *emphasizes the self *almost all poetry in class - Keats Epic – Classified by: 1) Long narrative. 2) Story of hero represents larger group 3) Story of a journey (en media res) 4) Invocation to a Muse 5) Dignified Verse or Iambic Pentameter… Is more self conscious than lyric poetry. Written with dignity and majesty. Romantics changed around the idea of Epic, it became a personal self- journey. The French Revolution (1789) and “Reign of Terror”(comes after FR)– Revolution in France, where they were overthrowing the monarchy. (R of T) Court could either execute or acquit a person from their crimes= all the people on the losing side of the Revolution get executed. **signified a breaking off of the past. Romantics responded to it. “Tintern Abbey” was a recollection of a natural scene before the chaos began prior to becoming jaded by the idea of revolution.
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