hcafinalrough - Sexton 1 Amy Sexton Lit Trans 275 = HCA...

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Sexton 1 Amy Sexton 12/1/08 Lit Trans 275 = HCA FINAL DRAFT Psychoanalytic Theory in Anne Lisbeth Hans Christian Andersen was born in 1805 in Odense, Denmark. He was the son of a shoemaker and a washerwoman. Andersen grew up poor and uneducated, but defeated the odds stacked up against him to become one of the most renowned writers of his era. Andersen’s mother taught him folktales and his father took him to the theater as a young boy. His father died when he was eleven years old and he began working to help support his family as a weaver, in a tobacco factory, and many other miscellaneous jobs. Andersen left his childhood home in Munkemollestraede, Denmark and moved to Copenhagen where his epic journey to become one of the greatest children’s authors began. One particular story Andersen wrote was Anne Lisbeth , the tale of a woman and her unloved son, in 1859. (1) This tale can be dissected by many different literary theories, but the main theory is Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. Freud’s theory provides a basis of dissection and understanding of Anne Lisbeth. To apply this theory correctly to the text, one must understand the background of the psychoanalytic theory and its components, the dreams that occur through the main character, Anne, and Anne’s archetype as a “great mother” that develops throughout the story. To better analyze Anne Lisbeth , Freud’s psychoanalytic theory must be correctly grasped. The overall theory divulges in the human psyche and divides it into three components. The ‘psyche’ can be considered and depicted as the mind, soul or intellect of a human. By definition, ‘psyche’ means “the mind considered as a subjectively
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Sexton 2 perceived, functional entity, based ultimately upon physical processes but with complex processes of its own: it governs the total organism and its interactions with the environment.” (2) What the human psyche is, and how it is constituted, are keys to understanding how we develop or fail to do so. This is closely tied to the question as to what common human 'nature' consists in. In its most primary or direct form the question is 'who am I?’ The same question is somehow posed by all persons and it can be said to express an existential fact. Sigmund Freud divided the human psyche into three components, the id, the unconscious reservoir of instinctual or libidinal desires, and the impulses that seek gratification. The Id comprises the unorganized part of the personality structure that contains the basic drives. The Id is unconscious by definition. (3) In Freud's formulation, “It is the dark, inaccessible part of our personality, what little we know of it we have learnt from our study of the dream-work and of the construction of neurotic symptoms, and most of this is of a negative character and can be described only as a contrast to the ego. We all approach the id with analogies: we call it a chaos, a cauldron full of seething excitations... It is filled with energy reaching it from the instincts, but it has no
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