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The American Political Tradition by Richard HofstadterChapter 1: The Founding Fathers: an age of Realism”Common Sense by Thomas PaineFederalist No. 10. By James Madison 1.Who was Richard Hofstadter? When and why did he write the essays in The American Political Tradition? Was he well qualified to do so?a.American Historian, this book launched the young scholars career b.Went to Columbia. After graduating taught at University of Maryland, but soon returned to Columbia, where he taught for the balance of his careerc.Published in 1948, ranges from the American Revolution to the end of WWII d.Story of the major social and political figures in American history that shaped the institutions and practices of the United States e.In the introduction, Hofstadter explains that his principal reason for stressing agreement rather than conflict is a desire to avoid the excessive partisanship characteristic of the progressive tradition, which causes historians endlessly to repeat the controversies of the past. 2.In Hofstadter’s opinion, what has been the essence of the American political tradition? What have been the “staple tenants of the central faith in American political ideologies”? Where in thebook can you find the best statement of this thesis?