Chapter 10-Language - Language Chapter 10 What is language?...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Language Chapter 10
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What is language? Definition The intricate symphony of representations and processes  that allows us to communicate our thoughts to others.  Text: a system of communication through which we code  and express our feelings, thoughts, ideas, and experiences Human language is different from other forms of  communication: honey bees dance, threats of aggression  from primates, bird dance for mating Language is in many ways the culmination of all of our  cognitive processes; indeed it often serves as the means  through which cognitive processes are revealed. Def: set of  symbols  and  principles  that used in combination  allow for communication and comprehension
Background image of page 2
Creativity of Human Language 2 Properties of Human Language Structure of language is hierarchical Language is governed by rules Everything we refer to is  symbolized  by a word Mental lexicon : all the words a person knows; a mental  dictionary; significant part of semantic memory Language is more than just symbols; there are  rules  for  combining symbols Grammar : rules for combining any unit of language Language is generative : a limited number of words can be  combined in an endless variety of ways to generate an  infinite number of sentences 
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Universality of Language Over 5,000 different languages Every culture has a language All languages are “uniquely the same” Unique: different words and sounds, different rules for combining  words Same: words serve function of nouns and verbs; system to make  things negative, to ask questions, and refer to past and present Studying Language Wernick and Broca Damage to Broca’s area: produce speech only with great difficulty Damage to Wernicks’s area: no trouble producing speech, but what  they do produce is not very meaningful Behaviorism and Skinner’s book “Verbal Behavior” Noam Chomsky and his book “Syntactic Structures” Psycholinguistics: the study of the psychological processes  involved in using language, such as processes of speech  perception and conversing politely 
Background image of page 4
Psycholinguistics : 3 Areas of Research Comprehension How do we understand spoken and written language? Processing language sounds, understanding words,  sentences, stories; sign language; conversations Acquisition How do people learn language? Learn as children and learn other languages
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 31

Chapter 10-Language - Language Chapter 10 What is language?...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online