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Chapter 7-Everyday Memor and Memory Errors

Chapter 7-Everyday Memor and Memory Errors - Everyday...

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1 Everyday Memory and Memory Errors Chapter 7
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2 Remembering Personal Experiences Autobiographical Memories: 3 Layers of Knowledge Event-specific knowledge (minutes or hours) General events (days, weeks, months) Lifetime periods (span many years) Memory Over the Lifespan Which persist: Personal milestones Highly emotional events Significant events Transition points
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3 Reminiscence bump Life narrative hypothesis Assume our life identities during this time “good old days” Cognitive hypothesis Encoding is better during periods of rapid change that are followed by stability Figure 7.4
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4 Flashbulb Memories Memories of events that are highly memorable, vivid Characteristics of Flashbulb Memories Location Activity Source Emotion Aftermath Consequentiality
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5 Consequentiality of Flashbulb Memory Strong emotions enhance memory Narrative rehearsal Accuracy 2 accounts of Challenger explosion 21% reported immediately they first heard it on TV 2.5 yrs later 45% reported they heard it on TV 9-11 1 day, 1 week, 6 wks, 32 wks
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