michelle_150mtstudyguide2009

michelle_150mtstudyguide2009 - 1Kaplan 150 Study Guide for...

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1 Kaplan 150  Study Guide for Midterm, Tues. Feb. 24 You should study your notes and reading regarding the following list.  Bring two Blue  books. The exam will consist of definitions, short answers, and one long essay. You will  have a choice).  Work on these questions before the midterm.  Note that the short answers  will be limited to a few sentences.  You will determine the length of the long essay.   You  will be required to support all answers with examples used in lecture, reading and  class discussions. Definitions will require one example as support, short answers  require two examples. A good long essay provides ample evidence to support your  assertions . Also, do not be vague, use specific examples and information from the  lectures, readings, homework, class discussions, web and personal experiences (but not  as the only example), if you wish.  Be sure to see your TA or me if you need help writing  essays or have any other problems with the study guide.   Bring pens and blue books.   1.   Explain conflict theorist and functionalist/order theories regarding causes of  social problems? Who/what are the reasons for these problems? How would  each solve these problems? Functionalist/Order Perspective: Look at the way major social institutions actually operate: The main reason for the existence of social problems is that societies are always  changing. Failure to adapt successfully to change leads to social problem Smoking as example: Quality of life threat brings change Conflict Perspective: Social problems arise out of major contradictions in the way societies are  organized Such as an unequal distribution of resources which lead to large-scale conflict Hurricane Katrina, Wal-Mart as examples: Ask questions about underlying patterns of class conflict 1
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2.  What assumptions do the general public have about whom/what is to blame  for social problems like smoking/homelessness? But critics said that tobacco industry had fooled the public into believing smoking  was harmless The Tobacco industry was forced to:  admits that tobacco is addictive But  claimed they were not responsible for health problems from smoking They claimed that smokers were responsible for their own smoking problems, “smoker can quit if want to” Health problems caused by smoking: Cancer     Heart Disease and Stroke     Respiratory Health     Secondhand Smoke     Smoking During Pregnancy     Two Sociological Perspectives on Homelessness  Functionalist/Order Theory
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