ANTHRO 101 NOTES - Intro to Anthropology Study of humans...

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Intro to Anthropology Study of humans - Holistic Perspective: encompassing many fields of knowledge Subfields of Anthropology 1. Biological Anthropology History o Mid 1800s France/Germany Anatomists try to prove whites are superior in intelligence to others By measuring heads-bigger head, bigger brain Europeans, then Asians, then Africans o 1970's – Redo Original anatomists fudged – rounding, etc. o Franz Boas German Physicist – Jew Paleoanthropology o Ancient, old People who study fossils of primates Human evolution, primate evolution Primates = monkeys, apes, humans, prosimians (pre-monkeys) o Up to 65 million years ago (dinosaurs gone) Primatology – study of human primates o Human Variation – population genetics o Human Ssteology – human bones 2. Cultural Anthropology Franz Boas – Considered American Anthropologist Ethnography o Writing and people Live with one group of people and learn everything about them, then write it Ethnology = comparative work o Compare people studied with other writings Learn differences and similarities between cultures 3. Linguistic Anthropology Relationships between language and culture 4. Archaeology Studying people and culture – but they're dead What do Anthropologists do for a living? Teacher Museums (Research) Corporations (Globalization) McDonalds in India Microsoft in other countries Excavations Department Of Transportation Genetic Terms - Gene: Sequence or section of DNA
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o Homozygous: Same gene from Mom and Dad (BB) o Heterozygous: Different gene from Mom and Dad (Bb) Whichever is dominant is what you get o Recessive: Only expressed in Homozygous o Dominant: Masks over Recessive traits - Locus: Particular site on a particular chromosome o Can be used to see if you are a carrier for a disease o Prevention/probability - Allele: Variant of a gene - Genotype: Genetic Makeup (BB, Bb, bb) - Phenotype: What gets expressed (B, B, b) * Codominant traits do occur = AB blood type * Chanda Evolution: Change in gene/allele frequency over time - Population level, not individual standpoint o Wallace: Came up with evolution theory independently o Took 20 years for Darwin to publish book. but he did it before Wallace Galapagos – different beaks on the finches for different foods. o Malthus: statician, Essay on the Principle of Population Darwin got key info for explaining beaks Superfecundity: Population outbreeds food supply - Natural selection o Fitness not measured by how well adapted you are, but how much you reproduce - Variation: In a population, there is always a genetic variation - Superfecundity: Population always outbreeds food supply o Competition: Strongest genetic variation gets the food o "Survival Of the Fittest": Ones with the best genes survive and get to reproduce, making the greatest contribution to the gene pool. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Choi during the Spring '08 term at Wisc Stevens Point.

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ANTHRO 101 NOTES - Intro to Anthropology Study of humans...

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